Amenorrhea is a case where a woman does not observe her monthly menstrual period. Secondary Amenorrhea (known as SA herein after) is an issue where a woman stops getting her periods for duration of 6 months and more as against her normal monthly cycle. It derives its term as ‘Secondary’ as it is a little different from primary Amenorrhea where the latter is non observance of menstrual period without having the first menstrual period by the age of 16 is attained by a female whereas in the former you need to have at least 1 period. SA isn’t life threatening as it can be treated quite well. Menopause, breast feeding and pregnancy may be other reasons why a woman may miss her periods but the above 3 are never the causes of SA.
The Caused And The Way To Deal The Same Have Been Discussed Below And They Are Mentioned As The Following:
1. Hormonal Imbalance
This perhaps is the major reason why this issue arises. Testosterone level above normal, low estrogen levels or an overactive thyroid gland and presence of tumors on and around the pituitary gland are some of the hormonal dysfunctions that can cause SA.Since testosterone aids in development and growth of reproductive organs, its high excretion can cause irregularity within the menstrual cycle.
2. Lifestyle Factors
Being overweight is another reason to obtain this disorder. Woman with less than 15 % body fat can be subjected to SA.That is why the athletes who train excessively and extensively are always in danger of missing their menstrual periods.
Emotional stress is another factor that can cause you to be a victim of this issue. A woman’s body, to cope up with stress tends to temporarily disrupt the normal cycle and could stay as long as you are under the stressful influence. This may pass off quite quickly once the anxiety and tension packed period has passed.
4. Structural Issues
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that can result in growth of ovarian cyst and cause an imbalance in the hormonal activity. Once hormonal balance begins, as already stated above, it can lead to various complications with respect to menstrual cycle.
5. Dilation And Curettage
The menstrual cycle can also be affected by formation of scar tissue arising out from pelvic infection or Dilation and Curettage (D&C). D&C is a process by which the cervix is dilated and curette, a spoon like organ helps remove all the extra tissues from the uterine lining or to cure unusual uterine bleeding.
Once the underlying cause of the issue has been diagnosed, the treatment of the same nature that would effectively counter it is recommended. In majority of the cases, medicines are helpful enough to help a woman carry on with her normal monthly menstrual period again. But, medicines of such nature should be only taken after they are prescribed otherwise it could lead to other complications too and since it could affect your reproduction capabilities, the medicines should be taken with great caution and care.
Exercising can be a great way to treat SA when overweight is the reason why the same occurs. Of course, exercises should be done normally and not like the athletes who are themselves the victim of missing their menstrual periods. A good and a healthy diet is also recommended during the same.
3. Supplements & Synthetic Hormones
Again, only to be taken after they have been advised so by a specialist. These two can effectively eradicate the problems caused by hormones and their excessive or diminished levels of excretion. Intake of the supplements may have other side effects as well and therefore, once the menstrual cycle is up and running normally, avoid these products immediately.
A situation may arise where the doctor could advise you with a surgery that includes removing the ovarian cyst, uterine adhesion or scar tissues once it has been detected that the above mentioned 3 were the reasons why the menstrual cycle was off the track.
5. Stress Free Life
of course it is not possible to have a complete stress free period that carries on for long but remembering the fact that menstruation is deeply connected to the ability to reproduce should be in the mind of one and all. If anything is affecting the same adversely, it should be stopped at once. Talk to your partner or consult a psychiatrist in such situations. Tend to live happily as stress only brings wrath to a person and in case of a woman, it could lead to SAas well.