Breast Cancer as the name signifies is the cancer occurring in breast that has been caused due to uncontrollable and unusually high rate of division occurring in breast cells. It is one of the most common forms of cancer occurring in women of all ages worldwide and account for almost 18.2% deaths occurring from cancer. As we have discussed that breast cancer is one of the prominent forms of cancer prevailing worldwide.
Let us now discuss Causes And Symptoms Of Breast Cancer:
Causes Of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer increases with the age. The most advanced breast cancer cases are seen in women over the age of 50.
People with the family history are at the higher risk of developing breast cancer. Ovarian cancer, breast cancer and colon cancer are most common cancers that run in the family.
Unfortunately, if any of the defective genes passes to you through your parents, then you are at the higher risk of producing cancer. A healthy gene has the capability of producing protein that fights against the cancer.
The risk of breast cancer increases in those females who got their early periods (before the age of 11) or who goes through late menopause (say after the age of 55).
Women who drink more than 2 glass of alcohol daily may increases the risk of having breast cancer.
Women who give them birth after 30 years of age or who is unable to give birth to a child have an increased risk of breast cancer. The risk of breast cancer reduces if you become pregnant more than once or become pregnant at an early age.
Hormone Replacement Therapy
The risk of breast cancer increases when a woman who undergoes hormone replacement therapy with estrogen for long years.
Some researchers have proved that obesity and breast cancer are interlinked. Obesity people have the capacity of producing more estrogen which acts as a fuelling agent for cancer.
Radiation is harmful as it may possess the development of cancer cells. Even a slight exposure can cause many defects. It has been found that radiation causes not only breast but even many other types of cancer.
Symptoms Of Breast Cancer
Some of the most common and easily visible symptoms are mentioned below.
Lump In Breast
The first and the foremost symptom of breast cancer is appearance of lump in the breast. If you feel the lump or flaking in nipples it may be considered as a sign of breast cancer. Any liquid or even milky discharge from nipple should also be checked out.
Rash-less itching around breast can be a symptom of breast cancer. The itchy sensation often follows with nipple discharge. If this type of symptom is occurring it’s time to go for check-up of breast cancer.
Most typical inflammation signs are redness, heating of that particular area where the mass of cancerous cells are accumulated, patchy skin along with the feeling of tender in touch.
Shoulder And Neck Stiffness
If you are having stiffness in neck it should not be ignored at all, as it may be a symptom of breast cancer. Breast cancer usually spreads to spine, shoulders and back. It may cause pain in these areas. If these symptoms appear a frequent check is mandatory.
Breast Size Change
Usually on occurrence of breast cancer, breast size changes which can be observed visually.
Often due to lump formation tenderness or painful sensation occurs in breast which may be felt by friction produced by bra.
Usually, breast cancer is observed to occur in milk ducts that is why breast cancer symptom usually follows milky or watery discharge from nipple. If you are not breast feeding then any kind of discharge from nipple is needed to be checked.
Evidently, nipples become sensitive during breast cancer. So, if your nipples are becoming sensitive don’t take it lightly.
If breast cancer exists in the body, it may cause the changes in nipple, like nipples become inverted, flat or even asymmetric in shape.
Dimpled Breast Tissue
In case of breast cancer, breast skin often becomes red and dimpled.Survival rates in the developed world are high. In developing countries survival rates are poor. Worldwide, breast cancer is the leading type of cancer in women, accounting for 25% of all cases. Hence, proper awareness about causes and symptoms of breast cancer are essential for a healthy living. If you are suffering from any kind of above mentioned causes of symptoms then an immediate visit to an oncologist is required.