Fibroids, also known as leiomyomas are benign tumors of smooth muscle that are seen on the walls of the uterus. Most fibroids are benign and do not cause any major discomfort. It is only when they create trouble that they need to be treated.span id=”more-3903″>
In some cases fibroids are accompanied by symptoms like pain in the lower abdomen, a full feeling in the lower part of the abdomen and irregular bleeding. Fibroids are treated in a variety of ways depending on their size. In the meanwhile, here are certain symptoms that help you identify fibroids.
1. Pressure In The Abdomen
As the fibroids in the abdomen grow, there will be an increased feeling of pressure in the abdomen. The lower abdomen will have some kind of enlargement as well.
Based on the size and placement of the fibroids, it can exert pressure on the bladder, on the nerves that radiate to the legs and the back. This will result in problems with emptying the bladder, flatulence and sometimes constipation. The bladder pressure will slow down urination, increasing one’s chance of contracting UTIs.
2. Pelvic Pain
Due to the growth of the muscular tissue, the woman will feel some sort of pain or cramping in the pelvic region. The severity of the pain would depend on how big the tumour growth is.
The pain could be more at the time of menstruation or during the time of sexual intercourse. In cases where the pain is mild to moderate, pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen are suggested by doctors.
3. Irregular Menstrual Cycle
Irregularity in menstruation can be triggered due to a host of reasons including fibroids. The menstrual cycle will be very heavy and will go on for more than seven days in the case of fibroids in the uterus. If left untreated, the loss of blood will lead to iron deficiency and require iron supplements to be administered in order to prevent anaemia.
Method Of Diagnosis And Treatment
If the above mentioned symptoms persist, a pelvic examination by the doctor will help in initial diagnosis. Further tests like X- rays, MRIs and Ultrasounds can be help in confirming the presence of fibroids.
Fibroids are normally treated only when the symptoms like pelvic pain becomes unbearable and the menstruation become very heavy, resulting in too much blood loss.
OTC drugs are normally administered in order to control the pain. For iron deficiency due to anaemia, iron supplements can be taken in consultation with the doctor.
Sometimes birth control pills too are used as a treatment method in order to help the fibroids shrink without treatment. Hormone therapy is another treatment method that is administered in which hormones are used for facilitating the shrinking of fibroids.
In severe cases where the growth is big and the patient has to go through a lot of discomfort, surgical removal of fibroids is necessary. This will do away with the problem and offer great relief to the patient. Fibroids are not life threatening and cannot develop into cancer as feared by many women.