Diabetes mellitus is perhaps the number one disease in the urban population of the world. It is medically known as Diabetes Mellitus and is primary of two types, type 1 and type 2. Diabetes occurs when there is excessive sugar in the blood. Any food that we eat is first broken down into simple sugar or glucose matter.
This matter is more easily absorbed by our body to generate energy from. But we may not need all the sugar that is produced. This is where the role of a special substance called insulin is important. The pancreas produces insulin for sugar control. Insulin absorbs and regulates the circulation of sugar in the blood at any given time. Diabetes may occur in our body due to two different issues.
The first can happen when not enough insulin or no insulin is being produced by the body. And the second issue can take place when the body produces insulin but is not able to utilise it effectively in order to control blood sugar. Both these problems can be very serious if not treated in time. The problem with this disease is that it can lead to many other medical conditions as well.
Diabetes is known to be a hereditary disorder as well as a lifestyle disease. Sedentary routines and poor dietary habits are one of the leading causes of diabetes mellitus of both types. It is also common in pregnant women but it usually subsides after delivery on its own. It is important to be aware of basic information about diabetes.
Symptoms Of Diabetes Mellitus
Here is a list of signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus.
This is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes. Diabetic patients need to urinate very often.
Nocturnal or night time urination is also very common for such people. It is advisable to pass urine as often as possible so as to avoid the risk of an infection in the urinary tract.
This symptom is a side effect of the first symptom mentioned above. The body has to drain more fluids from your bloodstream and pass all the extra urine.
This will obviously diminish the water resources and make you thirsty in order to make up for the deficiency. Such people feel thirsty all the time and even have to get up at night to drink water.
Diabetic patients feel very fatigued and tired all the time and are unable to carry out simple tasks.
This is because the body is no longer able to absorb sugar effectively and produce energy as required.
Glaucoma is very common in people with consistently high blood sugar. This is a condition that affects the eyes.
Such people are also at risk of getting cataracts at a younger age than normal. They may suffer from blurred or double vision as well.
Itchy patches and red rashes on the skin are another sign of diabetes.
Patients may also notice that any wounds on the skin take much longer to heal than normal.