While pregnancy may follow a normal course in most cases, some women may have to go through high risks throughout the term. Although cases of high risk pregnancy conditions are rare (about 6-8% of the total pregnancy cases), but every prospective mother should be aware of the various risk factors that can yield serious complications in pregnancy.
High risk pregnancy conditions can be properly assessed by the professionals only, and women exposed to such conditions should follow all prenatal check ups and treatments strictly.
Deviation from these treatments may result in disastrous consequences for both the mother and the fetus. Women with high risk pregnancy conditions can avoid pregnancy complications and ensure safe child birth following the rules and regulations provided by the obstetrician.
Probable Factors Leading To High Risk Pregnancy Conditions
Pregnancy at a very young or advanced age, overweight, hypertension, diabetes, previous incidences of miscarriages and HIV infection are responsible for high risk pregnancy conditions.
5 High Risk Pregnancy Conditions
Labor initiating before the 37th week of pregnancy is termed as preterm labor, and this may pose high risks both to the mother and child. This situation occurs in about 10% cases of pregnancy, and premature infants born out of preterm labor need special neonatal care for survival.
Preterm labor can arise due to multiple fetuses, previous incidences of premature delivery, vaginal infections or abnormality of the cervix. Thyroid diseases and bacterial vaginosis increase the chances of preterm labor. Watery or bloody discharge from vagina, abdominal cramps and backache few months before the due date of delivery may indicate preterm labor.
Pre-Eclampsia And Eclampsia
Hypertensive women are likely to develop Pre-eclampsia or Eclampsia during pregnancy leading to severe complications. The symptoms include high blood pressure and high protein levels in urine causing swelling of the body, which may be accompanied by convulsions in serious cases.
Pre-eclampsia often affects vital organs of the mother creating life threatening conditions for both the mother and the fetus. Blood pressure levels should remain normal during pregnancy to ensure safe child birth. A healthy lifestyle along with a nutritious diet will help to maintain normal blood pressure during pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes or diabetes acquired during pregnancy is observed in 4% of pregnancy cases. Uncontrolled diabetes may pose serious threats both for the mother and the fetus. Women with gestational diabetes can give birth to healthy babies provided they follow the treatments advised by the doctor.
Follow a diet low in carbohydrates and fats and high in fiber to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Symptoms of diabetes subside gradually post delivery.
This is another high risk pregnancy condition in which the placenta covers the cervix and is of rare occurrence (less than 1% cases). When the cervix dilates during delivery, the placenta may tear off leading to hemorrhage producing serious complications. The causes for placenta previa are still uncertain but pregnancy above 40 years of age, previous history of abortions and C- section delivery may give rise to this condition.
Sudden bleeding during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy may indicate placenta previa. You should immediately contact your doctor for proper diagnosis.
High risk pregnancy condition can also arise from HIV infection. This infection lowers the body immunity system to a great extent by destroying the body cells. Pregnant women with HIV infection can pass this to the developing fetus in the womb or at the time of delivery.
The infection can also pass to the babies through breastfeeding. There are many treatments by which the transmission of HIV from the pregnant mother to the fetus can be prevented ensuring safe child birth.
What Should You Do To Reduce High Risk Pregnancy Conditions?
Get your vital medical parameters like body weight, blood pressure, blood sugar and thyroid levels checked before pregnancy. Maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent high risk pregnancy conditions. Avoid smoking and drinking during pregnancy. Go for regular prenatal check ups and strictly follow the directions given by the doctor.
Follow your doctor’s advice calmly if you develop high risk pregnancy conditions. Avoid worrying too much as this may aggravate the situation. Think positive and you will experience the bliss of motherhood in due time.