Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) as the name suggests are caused primarily through sexual activities which may be any form of sex, oral, vaginal or simply touching the genitals. STD infection is transmitted from a person through sexual intercourse to his or her partner. Although, both men and women are diagnosed with STDs, women are more vulnerable to the disease. The common causes of infection are parasites, yeast, bacteria and viruses. Since it passes from one person to another through sex, it is important to stay cautious about it. However, STD symptoms are not always apparent. If anyone experience the STD symptoms or feel they have been exposed to it, consulting a doctor becomes inevitable, so that treatment and cure is done at the earliest. So far, there are more than 20 types of STDs.
In This Article, We Shall Discuss The Signs And Symptoms Of The Most Common Types:
It is one of the most common types of STD caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. The bacterial infection takes place in the genital track.It is very difficult to detect Chlamydia at an early stage when the signs and symptoms rarely show up. Once the infection occur, mild symptoms starts showing after a few weeks, which can be overlooked by anyone. They not only affect a woman’s reproductive organ or cause infertility, but may also affect the other organs like the throat or lungs. The most prominent signs and symptoms experienced by women may include pain in the lower abdomen or lower back, unusual vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, infertility, difficulty in urinating and spotting or bleeding between the periods.
The early signs of Gonorrhea may take some time to spot. The symptoms are more apparent in infected men than in women. The symptoms are quite similar to that of other STD infections. The bacterial infection starts from the genital tract and if remain untreated, may spread to other organs of the body including the mouth cavity, throat and anus.
The early symptoms starts appearing within ten days after exposure in some women, whereas it remains undetected for months without any sign in others. The most common signs and symptoms are unusual vaginal discharge which may be thick, watery, creamy, blood-like or even green. The patient may also experience painful urination or burning while passing urine. Abnormal menstrual bleeding and bleeding between the periods is another symptom, which should not be ignored. Other common symptoms are itching in the anus and painful bowel movement.
This is the most common form of sexually transmitted disease and is curable. It is caused by a microscopic, uni-cellular organism known as Trichomonas vaginalis. Women are more vulnerable to get infected and pass it on to their partners during intercourse, although men can also be infected in the first place. Trichomoniasis primarily infects a women’s vagina and the symptoms starts appearing as early as within five days or as long as 28 days, causing irritation and inflammation. The symptoms of trichomoniasis in women include greenish, yellowish or whitish vaginal discharge along with strong odor. Vaginal irritation or itching, discomfort during intercourse and painful urination are some other strong symptoms. Lower abdominal pain is a lesser known symptom, although some women may experience it.
HIV is a viral infection that affects the body’s immune system. Most of the HIV infected cases in women are due to unprotected sex with someone who is HIV infected. Another important cause is sharing infected needles. The early signs and symptoms of HIV in women are usually too mild to be mistaken as cold and flu symptoms. In fact, when detected for the first time, there may not be any symptom at all. Many symptoms that start showing up a little later are so common and can be easily confused with the symptoms of general illness like swollen glands and low grade fever.
Therefore, the only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested, when you feel you have been exposed to it. Most of the early signs and symptoms of HIV may be mild which can be often dismissed. They may include mild flu-like symptoms, low grade fever, headache, lack of energy, sore throat, skin rashes and additionally soreness and swollen lymph glands. These early symptoms often go away within a few weeks, due to which it may be confused just as a viral infection.
The advanced symptoms or the more-persistent symptoms of HIV infection may take a longer time to appear, which may be even 10 years or more. The patient is likely to suffer from diarrhea, vomiting, and weight loss, difficulty swallowing or shortness of breath. Meanwhile, the virus continue to multiply and expand slowly destroying the immune cells in the body. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is commonly known as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Immunity of the body starts diminishing fast and the patient may start having mental confusion or short-term memory loss.
Viral hepatitis or Hepatitis A, B and C are contagious viral infections. They can severely that affect your liver. B and C type Hepatitis are however more severe than A. Symptoms my not appear immediately and in some cases after several weeks have passed. The most common signs and symptoms are yellow skin and eyes, which may be signs of jaundice. Other remarkable symptoms are pain and discomfort in the abdomen, dislike for food, flu-like symptoms, pale stool, dark urine, lack of energy, unexplained weight loss, itching and joint or muscle pain. The symptoms may to be too subtle to notice, as hepatitis grows slowly.
It is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Treponema Pallidum. It primarily affects the genitals, mucous membranes, and the skin gradually spread to the major organs of the body like heart and brain and should therefore be treated in time. The infection may be active at times and dormant otherwise. The symptoms appear when it is active. During its primary stage these symptoms in women are mainly sore (chancre) in the infected area and swollen lymph nodes. At the secondary stage, rashes appear in different parts of the body and the mucous membranes are affected with small open sores.
Moreover, the patient may experience sore throat, fever, fatigue, patchy hair loss and weight loss. Some patients may also experience nervous disorder. At the latent or hidden stage, which may be a year after the infection, the primary and secondary stage symptoms will not show up for a period. This period can range from one to twenty years. An acute diagnosis through blood test can only detect the infection. The tertiary or late stage is the most destructive stage. Patient may suffer from cardio-vascular problems, mental disorders, neurosyphilis which may affect the nervous system.
Another type of syphilis is congenital syphilis, which refers to the infection passing from a pregnant woman to her unborn child or labor and delivery. At this stage, common symptoms are pain and inflammation, anemia, swollen lymph nodes, contagious watery discharge from the nose, slowed down growth and development of the baby.