Are you expecting and concerned about the growth and development of your unborn baby? Then, you should learn all about slow fetal growth. Even though your belly might be growing but that does not always equate to the size of your fetus. This is because you might occur due to slow fetal growth, which is a condition in which the fetus tends to grow slower than normal in the mother’s womb during the pregnancy. The weight of the fetus might be lesser than that of a normal growing fetus in the same gestational span. This conditional is also called intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Usually, babies born with this condition have low birth weight and they may have problems when the due date is close or soon after the delivery. So, you need to learn all about the possible causes that lead to this critical condition. Read on to discover all prominent causes that are responsible for the slow fetus growth.
Find Below Nine Prominent Causes Of Slow Fetal Growth During Pregnancy:
1. Poor Diet Of Mother
Poor dietary habits of mother can delay the fetal development. The consumption of diet lacking nutrients, particularly folic acid, can lead to slow fetal growth. Inappropriate eating habits and having food that lack essential nutrients can affect the fetal growth significantly while expecting. So, make sure you eat a balanced nutritious diet when pregnant.
2. Harmful Habits
If the expectant mother has poor lifestyle habits, such as smoking, consumption of drugs, or liquor compulsion, then it can affect the growth of the fetus. Such harmful lifestyle habits during pregnancy can hamper the growth of the fetus significantly.
If you suffer from increased blood pressure while expecting, then it can be a sign of pre-eclampsia i.e. ‘pregnancy-induced hypertension’. Due to this, your veins may compress which in turn affects the growth of your growing fetus adversely. This happens since the compresses veins limit the flow of blood to the placenta. As a result, the developing fetus gets less supply of oxygen and this leads to slow fetal growth.
If the fetus suffers from infections, which are passed from the expectant mother, such as cytomegalovirus, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, German measles or rubella, then the fetus is more like to suffer from the slow fetal growth problem. These infections tend to hamper appropriate growth and development of the fetus during pregnancy.
5. Multiple Pregnancies
Multiple pregnancies, such as twin or triplet, tend to develop at the same rate as the single pregnancy does to a particular point. However, the rate of development of multiple pregnancies begins to slow down when the placenta can’t undergo more development when the unborn babies struggle for more nutrients requirements. This is more likely to cause slow fetal growth. Also, twin pregnancy is more prone to develop pre-eclampsia and 50% of triplet pregnancies tend to develop pre-eclampsia leading to slow fetal growth.
6. Placental Insufficiency
While expecting if you suffer from placental insufficiency which is a condition where the placenta fails to function appropriately, then the fetus receives less supply of nutrients and oxygen from the expectant mother. And, this causes slow fetal growth of the unborn baby while you are expecting.
7. Chromosomal Abnormalities
Chromosomal abnormalities or variation is one of the prominent reasons that can cause birth defects in the fetus, thereby affecting the fetal growth adversely. Also, congenital abnormalities are responsible for slow growth of the fetus as they tend to hamper the development of the fetus.
8. Low Amniotic Fluids
Amniotic fluids are crucial for appropriate growth and development of the fetus during pregnancy. If the level of amniotic fluids falls below the normal due to any reason, such as intake of a medicine while expecting, placenta abruption, any health condition of the expectant mother, or a slight disturbance or rupture in the amniotic sac, then it can cause slow fetal growth. Thus, low level of amniotic fluids can be a major cause of slow growth and development of the fetus.
9. Umbilical Cord Abnormalities
Umbilical cord is a long tube which connects the placenta of the expectant mother and the fetus. Its function is to carry oxygen and various nutrients from the placenta i.e. expectant mother’s body) to the growing fetus. Any abnormality in this umbilical cord can cause slow fetal growth while you are expecting. Usually the umbilical line comprises one umbilical vein and two umbilical arteries to carry the blood between the placenta and the growing fetus. However, in case of some abnormalities, the umbilical cord tends to have just one artery and this can cause slow fetal growth during the pregnancy.
Now that you know these nine prominent causes of slow fetal growth, take appropriate care of your health and your fetus while you are expecting.