The uterine ovarian cancer is the one which occurs in uterus and from the top of the uterus extending to the fallopian tubes to the ovaries. The cancer occurs due to buildup of extra cells forming a mass tissue or Tumor.
After spreading, cancer cells from uterus may attach to other tissues to grow into new tumors. Treatment options for uterine ovarian cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemo and hormone. One may receive more than one of them depending on the stage, grade, age and health of the patient.
Treatments For Uterine Ovarian Cancer
Surgery involves removal of the tumor and its surrounding tissue through an operation. Depending upon the extent or stage of the cancer, the surgeon performs either hysterectomy (which involves removal of uterus and cervix) or radical hysterectomy (which involves removal of the uterus, cervix and upper vagina).
A bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is performed for uterine ovarian cancer (which involves removal of both fallopian tubes and both ovaries). After hysterectomy, a female can no longer get pregnant. In case the ovaries are removed, the body’s sex hormones are no more produced, resulting in premature menopause. After surgery, the patient is likely to experience menopausal symptoms that include hot flashes or vaginal dryness.
Radiation therapy makes use of high-energy x-rays in order to kill cancer cells. A proper regime of radiation therapy consists of specific treatments given over a set duration of time. The most common radiation treatment is the external-beam radiation therapy in which radiation is given from a machine that is located outside the body.
There are radiation treatments that are implemented using implants and are known under the scheme of brachytherapy. Internal radiation therapy for uterine ovarian cancer is done through injecting radioactive material into the tumor. Radiation therapy is mostly given after surgery so as to destroy remaining cancer cells but if a woman cannot undergo surgery, the doctor usually recommends radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy uses of drugs to kill cancer cells as well as employs drugs for stopping cancer cells from growing and dividing. Systemic drugs are delivered through bloodstream in order to reach cancer cells all throughout the body. Chemotherapy is performed by medical oncologist who is a doctor specializing in cancer treatment with medication. A chemotherapy schedule consists of specific cycles given over a set duration of time.
A patient may be given one or combinations of different drugs during the same time. Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells remaining after surgery and slows tumor’s growth. Though chemotherapy can be given orally, yet drugs used to treat uterine ovarian cancer are given intravenously. The side effects of chemotherapy include fatigue, more risk of infection, also nausea and vomiting, appetite loss, and diarrhea.
Hormone therapy slows the growth of uterine ovarian cancer cells by giving the sex hormone progesterone in pill form. Other such therapies are tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors. An AI drug reduces amount of estrogen in a woman’s body through the mechanism of stopping tissues other than ovaries from producing it. This treatment can be used for women who cannot go for surgery or radiotherapy.
Its side effects include fluid retention along with increase in appetite and weight. You should take good care of yourself before, during, as well as after uterine ovarian cancer treatment. This includes eating well and maintaining a good weight. Before treatment, one’s doctor must consider the stage and options for it. You’ll also need regular checkups (such as every 3 to 6 months) after treatment for uterine ovarian cancer.
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