A yeast infection can be defined as a medical condition caused by uncontrolled growth of fungus. Such an infection can occur on any or all parts of the body and is primarily superficial. Candida is a type of fungus that is always present on the surface of the skin in small numbers.
But bad hygiene and a moist environment can make the fungus multiply to huge numbers that can cause infection. It is perhaps one of the most common types of infections in human beings and can affect different parts of the body. Such parts include the mouth, genital region, toes and underarms. Due to its frequent occurrence, it is important to be aware of basic information about candida yeast infection.
Causes for Candida Yeast Infection
The basic cause for this infection is the uncontrolled multiplication of a fungus called candida. But some factors can contribute towards the onset of such an infection. People with diabetes mellitus, autoimmune diseases, babies and HIV patients are at high risk of having recurrent episodes of yeast infections.
Poor hygiene of the body and the dental area can also cause growth of fungus. In some cases, the fungus may enter the body through an open wound which can spread the infection internally as well. Recurrent urinary tract infections also promote the growth of candida fungus.
Symptoms of Candida Yeast Infection
The signs and symptoms of yeast infections vary depending on the affected area. But some of them are common to all types of this problem. Itching and burning in the affected area is very common, especially the genitals. There may also be rashes or eruptions on the surface of the skin that may ooze out a discharge or pus. In case of a mouth infection, the tongue becomes red and a thick white covering forms on top.
Some people may also notice a white growth in the grooves between the teeth. This symptom is common in babies who have a yeast infection. The skin also starts flaking off leaving a bright pink surface underneath. The affected area can also pain when it comes in contact with anything else. Genital yeast infection in women can also cause pain during urination and sexual intercourse. If the infection is left untreated for too long, the patient may get high fever and suffer from chills.
Management of Candida Yeast Infection
A yeast infection is completely curable with the right treatment. But it is important to give it attention in time to prevent the immune system from getting compromised. Antibiotics are the best way to get rid of such an infection. Your doctor may prescribe topical ointments or oral antibiotics depending on the affected area.
In case of oral infections, the patient must stay hydrated at all times in order to wash out the fungus from the body. Children usually have yeast infections in the form of diaper rash which can be treated with heavy ointments containing castor oil and zinc. In severe cases where the infection causes other problems like Chlamydia or very high fever, the patient may also need to be hospitalised.