State wherein one tends to pass urine more than usual is referred to as frequent urination. It is not only a discomfort, but could be an underlying medical condition known as Polyuria (excessive urine passage). Frequent urination at night is termed as nocturia and may affect quality of life, in case; it is linked to some disorder and not only due to excess water intake.
Frequent urination should not be considered as urinary incontinence, where no voluntary control of bladder activity exists. However, it could be the cause of frequent urination or the two states may happen simultaneously.
Major Causes of Frequent Urination
The frequent urination could just be a habit, but it is still advisable to rule out all potential concerns.
Early symptoms of both forms of diabetes includes frequent urination, since, in order to get rid of unused glucose, body excretes it out through urine. Diabetes may harm the nerves of urinary bladder that inturn poses difficulties in controlling the bladder.
Many hormonal changes during pregnancy and uterus enlargement together, put extra pressure on the bladder leading to frequent urination.
Enlargement of prostate gland may push against the urethra, thereby blocking urine flow and causing irritation of urinary bladder. The bladder now contracts even with little urine, causing frequent urination. Even the prostate gland therapy (brachytherapy or seed treatment) could result in frequent urination for around one-third of patients.
The condition characterized by inflammation of the bladder wall and pain in the bladder and pelvic region, usually results in urgent and frequent urination.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Byproducts of various infections (bacteria, blood cells or WBCs) may cause irritation and inflammation of the urethra linings and bladder, initiating an urge to empty the bladder more frequently.
Nerve damage of bladder due to strokes or various neurological disorders can cause problems of bladder function with sudden urges to urinate frequently.
Use of diuretics
Medications prescribed for treating high blood pressure and to build up fluid content in kidney may cause increased flush of fluids leading to frequent urination. Even high consumption of alcohol, caffeine rich drinks, carbonated drinks and citrus juices are known to cause increased urination and more frequent visits to toilet.
Overactive Bladder and Bladder Cancer
Involuntary bladder contractions (urinary incontinence) due to overactive bladder syndrome cause an urge to urinate irrespective of whether the bladder is full or not and leads to frequent urination. Tumors in urinary bladder may cause bleeding and lead to frequent urination.
High Fluid Intake
Consumptions of large amounts of fluids automatically lead to frequent urination. But it seems harmless until it is associated with fever, fatigue, chills, vomiting, increased thirst and appetite, blood in urine or discharge from vagina or penis.
Ways to control frequent urination
Bladder Training could be considered to strengthen bladder muscles and overcome the urge to urinate even in absence of full bladder. It is performed gradually over a period of two to three months.
Kegel Exercises helps to strengthen pelvis and urethra muscles to support bladder effectively, if performed on routine basis. One needs to learn the technique properly and perform at the recommended frequency of 30 to 80 times for minimum of 8 weeks.
Manage diet and fluid intake by avoiding diuretics and high fiber diet, which on over consumption may worsen an overactive bladder.