Bladder Infection or Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the most enfeebling infections that can strike women along with some men. The urinary tract infections may extend over a prolonged period of time or last for a short span in the lower or the upper portions of the urinary tract.
Simple Cystitis is the name given to the infection which affects the bottom portion of the urinary tract and is commonly known as the “bladder infection”. When the infection occurs in the kidney, or the upper portion of the urinary tract, then it is known as Pyelonephritis or “kidney infection”.
The infection is associated with painful urination and/or a strong urge to urinate very frequently. These symptoms are well defined in adult women though they are difficult to detect in the younger girls and elderly women.
Reasons Of Bladder Infection
Escherichia Coli Or E-Coli
Escherichia Coli or E-Coli, is the name of the bacteria which is the primary cause of the occurrence of bladder infection. Along with these bacteria, other fungi and viruses may be the other causes of infection in the lower portion of the urinary tract.
The E-coli may find its way into the body through contaminated food products. E-coli are also available in small traces inside the digestive tract of human beings. The intake of E-coli is accompanied with gastric disorders and distress. 90 percent of the diagnosed cases of bladder infections are caused due to the presence of these bacteria.
The infiltration of E-coli into the lower portion of the urinary tract or the bladder occurs due to the presence of unhealthy hygiene conditions, which help in the spreading of the bacteria. The vagina often acts as the entry point for these bacteria, which then travel up to the lower portion of the urinary tract.
The signs and symptoms of bladder infection start appearing once the E-coli manage to reach the bladder. It is important to refer to a professional expert and treat the painful process of urination and the other signs of bacterial infection as soon as possible.
It is important for women, to avoid wiping from the back to the front while cleaning them after urinating. A little extra care and precaution taken during sexual intercourse and practise of hygienic habits while cleaning the vaginal area will go a long way in avoiding the further spread of the bladder infection.
The other causes of bladder infection include some other physical concerns and health issues of the individual patients. The blockage in the urethral tract due to the presence of kidney stones causes inflammation in the urinary tract. This acts as a platform for the development and spreading of bacterial infection in the bladder.
Paralysis is another physical condition that predisposes certain women to bladder infections as it disallows the bladder from becoming totally empty.UTI is also caused in some women who are placed on the threshold of menopause, due to similar reasons. Women suffering from suppressed and weak immune systems are highly susceptible to bladder infections.
The other physical conditions included disorders and diseases such as AIDS or diabetes which are accompanied by bladder infections. According to researchers, the intake of immunosuppressant drugs and medicines also cause bladder infections. As the infection occurs inside the lower portion of the urinary tract, it becomes very difficult to stop or slow down their recurrence. It is therefore important to consult a doctor or expert and undergo the proper treatment at an early stage.
Researchers are still trying to establish a link between the frequent infections in the bladder and the genetic predispositions towards the same. Some women, who suffer from bacterial infection in the urinary tract, have had other family members who have been affected by the same. In spite of all the efforts of maintaining proper hygiene, they seem to be falling prey to the infection regularly.
There are certain supplements which are being recommended by the doctors and physicians to the patients who have a genetic predisposition for frequent bladder infections. It is important for those with a family history of recurrent bladder infections, to take the appropriate precautionary hygiene measures for prevention of the disease.
Infection Due To Hospitalization Or Being Bedridden
The catheters that are used by hospitalized or bedridden patients help in the development of bacterial infection in the bladder. The E-coli is introduced into the lower urinary tract through the catheters. These intrusive appliances cause high inflammation and disturb and irritate the urinary tract region causing the bacteria to start breeding. The cause behind the bladder infection in the case of bedridden patients becomes difficult to diagnose and the patients are often prescribed painkillers and antibiotics to ease them of the pain caused by the infection.
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Birth Control Measures
Many sexually active women suffering from bladder infections have been found to be using diaphragms as a contraceptive measure. The small cap in the diaphragm helps in unwanted birth control and blocks the bacteria and debris from reaching the bladder through the urinary tract. It is however very important to maintain the highest levels of hygiene to avoid any spread of bacterial infection due to the contamination of the diaphragm.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Chlamydia trachomatis, the bacteria that is responsible for the sexually transmitted disease called Chlamydia, may be passed into the vagina of the women through her male partner, during a sexual act. This acts as another cause for bladder infection in women.
Sexual intercourse is one of the important causes of bacterial infection in the bladder. Sexually active women are prone to the transmission of the bacterial infection and they should take proper measures to avoid the same. About 75-90 percent of the bladder infections in the sexually active women are associated with the frequency of sexual intercourse. As the frequency of sexual acts is quite high during the early months of marriage, the bladder and urinary tract infections that occur in this period are known as “honeymoon cystitis”.
On the contrary, the risk of bladder infections in post menopausal women is enhanced due to the frequent usage of spermicidal rather than sexual activities. This causes the spread of bacterial infection in the bladder.
The causes of bladder infections are many and steps should be taken at an early stage to prevent further spreading and development of the bacteria in the lower urinary tract.
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