The onset of periods or the monthly menstruation cycle signals the beginning of puberty in girls. While most women will have a 28 to 32 day cycle, some may experience a delay or irregularity in the monthly period once in a while. It is not unusual or uncommon for women to complain about rare incidences of missed periods, a delay in periods or bleeding in between periods. However, if you notice these irregularities frequently, you must visit a physician to discover the underlying cause.
There are several causes of irregular period ranging from hormonal imbalance to life threatening factors like tuberculosis or cancer. However, in most cases, the causes are not very serious. They are easily detectable, making the treatment and prognosis for irregular period quick and very effective. Listed below are some of the most common causes for irregular period you need to be aware of:
Onset Of Menopause
A decrease in estrogen levels signals the onset of menopause in women older than 50 years. Therefore, noticing missed periods or irregular bleeding during these years is normal and need not be a cause of concern.
1. Hormonal Imbalance
A decrease in estrogen or progesterone, two of the most important hormones in women, could lead to irregular periods. Because these two hormones are crucial in maintaining a healthy period cycle, an imbalance in their proportions will directly lead to several changes in the women’s metabolism. These two hormones play a crucial role in maintaining the female reproductive system. Therefore, an imbalance or decrease in their production should be an immediate cause of concern.
Anxiety, fear or unwanted stress will trigger your brain to release several types of hormones. A sudden change in your brain’s working pattern will interfere with the hormonal productivity, leading to irregular estrogen and progesterone levels. This will have a direct effect in your period cycle. Therefore, if you are stressed out, it is highly advisable that you perform certain meditation exercises to calm your mind and body in the most effective manner possible.
A missed period, scanty or no bleeding could be due to low hemoglobin levels in the body. This leads to a condition called anemia and makes the affected person feel extremely tired and weak. Therefore, if you notice irregular period cycle, it is highly recommended that you get a hemoglobin test performed and receive the necessary treatment required to boost your body with the right amounts of iron and vitamins required for production of healthy red blood cells.
Lastly, a missed period might signal the onset of pregnancy. This is natural and need not be a cause of concern. However, if you notice scanty bleeding or spotting even after delivery as opposed to heavy bleeding observed in post partum phase, you need to consult a doctor. Additionally, a breast-feeding woman will usually complain about irregular bleeding. However, the period cycle becomes normal within a few months and need not be a cause of concern.
5. Other Causes For Irregular Period
Polycystic ovary syndrome, incorrect eating practices, obesity, underweight, tuberculosis, a diet deficient in iron and vitamins, inflammatory bowel diseases, liver diseases, uterine fibroids, unhealthy practices like excessive smoking and alcohol consumption are some of the other causes for irregular periods.