Low sexual urge or libido is very common in women than men. In case of sexual arousal, both physical and mental health conjugation is required which should be in ultimate state. Some medication has side effects to lower the sexual desire and causes low libido in women. Low libido is not a disease, it is a symptom which is the outcome of some other physical or subjective health issues.
The Usual Causes Are Discussed Below:
Reproductive System Disorder
Female reproductive system disorder hampers the sexual urge and causes low libido. Some common reproductive system disorder which causes irregular menstrual cycle, affects sexual urge in case of female. Amenorrhea is a disease that occurs due to irregularity of menstrual cycle. The cause of amenorrhea may be congenital, or else if the pituitary gland is not secreting gonadotropin releasing hormone or GnRH. Pelvic inflammatory diseases causes chronic pain in the lower abdomen which also lower down the sexual drive in women. Endometriosis is another disease, which causes pain during and after intercourse. Al these diseases create discomfort in sexual intercourse and causes low libido. Infertility in female also increases the chance of low libido.
Medical Ill Health
Other than reproductive organ diseases, various other associated medical ailment lower sexual urge. Commonly associated diseases which hamper sexual desire are diabetes, hypertension, cardiac diseases, arthritis, cancer and neurological disorders.
Androgen deficiency causes lethargy and decreases the sexual urge in female. Normally androgen production is low in female and this hormone is responsible for reproductive organ development. With increasing of age, androgen production is further decreased in female body which causes low libido.
Endocrinal secretions changes during pregnancy and breast feeding. This in turn lowers the libido. It may not hamper the frequency of intercourse but satisfaction after sexual contact may decrease. Research reveals that varied endocrinal secretion not only hampers the satisfaction of intercourse, but even the increased physical efforts due to child birth, further lowers the sexual drive.
During menopause, endocrinal secretion gets totally changed in female. Testosterone which boosts the sexual health is secreted in fewer amounts and hampers sexual urge. The secretion of estrogen also gets lowered and result is vaginal dryness which lead to painful intercourse. During and before menopause every woman experiences new changes in their body which affects emotional health and the sexual desires are lowered down. Gradually, the problems gets overcome and many of them leads normal sexual life.
Lower secretion of thyroid hormones due to under functionality of thyroid glands or pituitary gland, results low production of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which causes hypothyroidism and low libido.
With increasing of age, estrogen, androgen and testosterone level is decreased which lowers libido. Fatigue due to increasing age results in low physical ability thus, lowers the libido.
Smoking causes associated morbidity and hormonal changes by altering central nervous system which leads to low libido. Chronic alcoholism also hampers sexual urge. Drug abuse, disturbed sleep, dietary habits also lower the sexual satisfaction.
Chronic use of certain medication causes lower libido due to decrease in the testosterone level in blood. Included medicines are antipsychotic drugs, anti- epileptic drug, oral contraceptive pills and anti-hypertensive drugs. They lower libido gradually, and consultation with doctors can reverse the situation.
Primary or secondary reproductive organ partial or full removal due to any other chronic illness leads to low libido. All the reproductive organs are working in a cooperative manner and maintains the normal sexuality, but some specific surgical process hampers this cooperation and affects libido. In recent days, breast removal is common due to treatment of breast cancer which increases the concern of looks and may hamper the sexual drive.
Mental health problem also causes low libido. Sexual desire is not only in physical need, many emotional sensibility triggers the urge.
Depression occurs due to changes in the brain chemicals (neurotransmitters). Depression causes loss of interest of all pleasures of life including sex. Chronic depression is dangerous, proper treatment regimen could control the situation. Maximum patients do not want to take anti depressant medication due its side effects which include low libido. It always advisable first to treat depression, then you concentrate in associated medications side effects.
Stress And Anxiety
Stress and anxiety causes mental exhaustion which decrease the happiness of the life. Advancement of life increases stress and anxiety. In modern situation, women have to control the pressure of outdoor activities as well as indoor activities which creates exhaustion and effects sexual desire.
For sexual drive emotional factors are very important. Emotional issues include relationship with partner, family support and social life. Mental wavelength mismatch with partner, unresolved conflicts, and low self-esteem due to appearance, unemployment and work load related stress may hamper sexual urge and result is low libido.