Every month your uterus thickens and gets prepared for the prospect of conceiving a child. But when your egg fails to get fertilized the extra lining of the uterus needs to be shed. This comes out as menstrual discharge every month. The menstrual cycle is, thus a regular part of every woman’s life.
Clots in the menstrual cycle are often normal and you don’t need to be worried about. But if the clots are quite large and unusual, you might want to consult your doctor. Anything extraordinary should not be ignored. It is embarrassing to discuss menstrual problems, but problems like passage of large clots may be a cause of great concern. So you must put aside your shyness and be very frank with your doctor. Here are a few common reasons that might be causing these clots:
Major Causes Of Menstruation Clots
Miscarriage or involuntary abortion almost always leads to passage of large clots or grey tissue. This might sometimes happen before the time of your menstrual cycle or even during it. So if you notice excessive bleeding or clotting and you must consult your doctor at once.
2. Health Complications Like Fibroid Development
The cause of clot formation in your menstrual cycle can be attributed to a number of health problems. Leiomyomas or uterine fibroids are benign tumours that form in your uterus. These cause excess tissue to get accumulated on the uterine walls. This tissue gets removed during menstrual discharge, forming large clots and causing a lot of pain. However, fibroid development may not necessarily form clots. Sometimes they show no symptoms at all.
3. Hormonal Changes
Many a times hormonal changes lead to passage of clots too. These hormonal changes may be caused by a number reasons such as menopause, side-effects from certain medicine and sudden drastic weight changes. Your menstrual cycle is maintained by a balance of estrogen and progesterone levels in the blood. When these levels get hampered you tend to develop an excessively thick uterine lining. Since menstrual discharge is nothing but the shedding of this lining, hormonal changes lead to passage of clots.
4. Unusually Large Uterus
Your uterus gets stretched to a large size during pregnancy. Sometimes it doesn’t return to its original size afterwards. This leads to a larger space for the blood to accumulate and clot before being passed out. This is another cause for passage of large clots in your menstrual discharge.
5. Any Blockage In The Menstrual Passage
Any sort of obstruction in the path of the blood flowing from the cervix to the vagina and out leads to change in colour, consistency and clotting in the menstrual discharge. These obstructions might be cause be benign polyps. Often menopause leads to narrowing of the cervical canal. This also causes blood to thicken and form clots.
6. Adenomyosis Or Endometriosis
Andenomyosis is the development of tissue in the muscle that makes up the uterine wall while endometriosis is the phenomenon of development of tissue outside the uterus. Both these processes lead to unusually high bleeding. This can lead to changes in consistency, colour and clotting in the flow.