Bleeding during pregnancy is a common experience for many women. In the first trimester, pregnancy bleeding may not indicate anything serious. However, if it occurs during the second or third trimester, it could indicate serious problems.
In such a case, it is important that you consult a doctor as soon as possible. In this article, we will discuss the causes of pregnancy bleeding stage-by-stage, so that you can handle the situation perfectly.
Causes of Pregnancy Bleeding In First Trimester
In the first trimesters, bleeding may or may not indicate miscarriage. Studies have revealed that almost 50% of women who experience bleeding during the first trimester do not have miscarriage.
Sometimes, women who are undergoing molar pregnancy unknowingly may experience bleeding in the first trimester.
Source : http://www.mdguidelines.com/hydatidiform-mole
In molar pregnancy, a tissue that should normally grow into a fetus develops abnormally in the uterus instead, triggering normal symptoms of pregnancy.
Ectopic pregnancies can be life-threatening because here the fertilized embryo grows in the fallopian tube. At some point of time, the tube bursts, thus threatening the mother’s life.
Source : https://www.healthtap.com/experts/10044636-dr-kevin-daus
In some cases, women who are going through ectopic pregnancy may experience bleeding. Other symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include severe stomach cramps and reduced levels of HCG.
Other reasons of bleeding in the first trimester can include infections and cervical changes.
Causes of Pregnancy Bleeding In Second Trimester
Excessive bleeding in the second trimester may indicate some serious problems with the mother or baby.
Source : http://nursingcrib.com/nursing-care-plan/nursing-care-plan-placenta-previa/
Placenta previa occurs when the placenta obstructs the birth canal-either partially or completely. Vaginal bleeding is one of its symptoms. It, however, very rarely takes place in the third trimester.
In the second or third trimester, uterine tear can take place, which is usually accompanied by bleeding. It is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.
Causes Of Bleeding In Women During Pregnancy
Signs And Symptoms Of Pregnancy During First Trimester
Common Signs Of An Ectopic Pregnancy
Important Abdominal Pregnancy Symptoms
How To Stop Prolonged Period Bleeding
In rare cases (1%), the placenta gets detached from the uterus wall before or during childbirth. This in turn, can cause bleeding. Placental abruption can be dangerous both for the mother and the baby.
This is an extremely rare condition, where the unborn baby’s blood vessels can tear, thus depriving the baby from oxygen and making it bleed profusely.
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It is an extremely dangerous situation-one that requires quick medical attention. Abnormal heart rate of the fetus can be another symptom of vasa previa.
Vaginal bleeding in the third trimester can indicate preterm labor. Other symptoms of preterm labor include regular contractions, vaginal discharge, stomach cramps, pelvic pressure and low backache. If you think that you are experiencing preterm labor, get in touch with a doctor as soon as possible.
As stated earlier, bleeding during the first trimester may not indicate any serious problem. At this stage, for handling bleeding, you can opt for pads that will help you to track the color of blood and the amount of bleeding. Also, if you are bleeding, it is better to avoid sexual intercourse for the time being. In case the bleeding is excessive, getting in touch with a doctor can be a good idea.
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