Virtually all women who contract cervical cancer are reported to have been infected with Human Papilloma Virus. Cervix plays a great role in reproduction and fertility of a woman. Without the cervix, a woman cannot reproduce. Many women who do not have HPV infection too get cervical cancer. What exactly is the reason behind getting cervical cancer that is not related to HPV?
Many women might have this question mark hanging over their heads and would have spent sleepless nights pondering over it. Discussed below are the reasons behind the cause of cervical cancer other than what is caused by Human Papilloma Virus.
Cervical Cancer Due To Changes In Lifestyle
Lifestyle factors play a great role in making women susceptible to cervical cancer. Among all the lifestyle factors, smoking is the most dangerous as it can increase the risk of cervical cancer by about 50-80%. When you smoke, the nicotine content reaches the cervical mucous which is present in the cervix. Long term use of cigarettes will expose the cervix continuously to this harmful substance, causing abnormal changes in the cervical lining, leading to cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer Due To Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases will make you susceptible to cervical cancer. The most common of sexually transmitted diseases that can lead to cervical cancer at a later stage is Chlamydia and HIV. These diseases can cause abnormal changes to develop in the cervix that slowly leads to cervical cancer.
Women who have too many children too are at risk of cervical cancer as the wear and tear in the cervical lining is great in such cases. Another risk factor lies in genetics when close family members like mother or sister have had cervical cancer. In such cases, Pap smears must be undertaken every year from as young as 21 years of age. This will help in detecting abnormal changes early on and treat them using safer treatment methods that can retain your fertility.
Cervical Cancer Due To Oral Contraceptives
Oral contraceptives taken for a long period will create the risk of contracting cervical cancer in women. Women who take oral contraceptive as early as 20 years of age have greater chances of getting cervical cancer than women who are not under pills. For those women who are already infected with Human Papilloma Virus and under oral contraceptives for more than five years, the risk is four times more than others. Many women these days have the habit of taking oral contraceptives without medical guidance. This can be very dangerous and can be a cause for cervical cancer.
Diethylstilbestrol is a drug that was prescribed for some women from the years 1940-1971 in order to stop miscarriages. These women whose daughters were exposed to the drug when they were in their mother’s womb are at risk of cervical cancer. This however is not a great threat as only one in thousand fetuses who were exposed to the drug develop the clear cell adinocarcinoma, a cervical cancer that affects the glands in the cervix. These women must also keep watch on the precancerous changes in the cervix that they are susceptible to.