Abnormal menstrual cycle means any kind of irregularity or change in the normal menses or menstrual periods of a woman. Menses is the body’s natural way of cleaning up the vagina and uterus of the bacteria and sperm that reaches it.
A complete menstrual cycle is calculated from the beginning of one menses up to the beginning of the next one. In most of the women, the menstrual cycle ranges from a period of 21 days to 35 days. Each woman has a particular length of cycle which usually remains constant each month, with a small variation of 1 or 2 days in a month.
Remember that if the menses begin within 35 days cycle on a regular basis, then the cycle cannot be considered to be abnormal. However, irregular periods can be both of long-term or short-term duration. Long term irregularity refers to a cycle in which the length of the cycle changes each month and displays various signs of abnormality such as absence of bleeding for multiple months at a time, heavy bleeding, or extremely painful periods. On the other hand, short-term irregularity can be caused due to various factors such as stress, fatigue, too-much exercise.
Irregular menstrual cycle has become a big problem amongst women throughout the world. Today, almost one out of five women suffers from the problem of abnormal menstrual period.
Causes Of Abnormal Menstrual Cycle
The most common causes of abnormal menstrual cycle are usually associated with tension, stress, certain medications, and intake of caffeine, which is an anticoagulant blood thinner and also disrupts the proper functioning of corpus luteum. Keep in mind that any fluctuation in your periods is an indication of the start of disturbances in the normal hormonal functioning of the body, which is responsible for managing your menstruation cycle.
Another important reason behind abnormal menstrual cycle is cigarette smoking as it shortens the duration of follicular phase. Excessive intake of alcohol can also lead to irregular menses. Besides this, few other factors are also responsible for abnormal menstrual cycle such as significant weight loss or gain, breastfeeding, poor nutrition, estrogen dominance, polycystic ovarian syndrome, chemotherapy eating disorder, medications, recent childbirth, hormonal imbalance, uterine abnormalities, and miscarriage.
Treatment For Abnormal Menstrual Cycle
In order to find the appropriate diagnose and treatment for your condition, your gynecologist will look into your medical history and carry out a physical examination as well. The treatment for the abnormal menstrual cycle varies depending on the underlying cause behind it, which can be determined with the help of a blood tests, biopsy, and ultrasound.
Most of the time, hormonal imbalance is the cause behind irregular period, which is treated with the help of appropriate hormones and medications. Sometimes, surgical removal of fibroids and polyps is also done.
Treatment for abnormal periods also depends on your future plan for conceiving children. In case you want to get pregnant in the near future, then hormonal supplements and contraceptive would be prescribed to regulate the cycle.
However, every slight variation or change in the normal menstrual cycle is not a matter of concern. Over 50 percent healthy women face the problem of abnormal periods. However, if the abnormal periods become persistent, make sure to consult your gynecologist.