Candida albicans, which is present along with other kinds of bacteria in the crotch region, is responsible for the development of yeast infection in females. The rapid multiplication and spreading of yeast, leads to the development of an aggravated yeast infection, known as Monilla or Candidiasis. There are various conditions that are favorable for the growth of yeast infection which include increased pH levels, increase in temperature and humidity, a change in sugar levels, allergic reactions, hormonal fluxes, etc.If you have been suffering from recurring instances of vaginal yeast infections, then you would definitely want an insight into the reasons behind the occurrence of the same. Given below is a synopsis of some of the common causes of yeast infection in women.
Causes of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Change In the Environment of the Vagina
Any alteration in the vaginal environment such as injury, HIV or the transmission of any other sexual disease can cause yeast infection in females. The imbalance in the percentage of “good “bacteria in the crotch, allows the yeast to become active and take control of the region. This also happens due to the usage of anti bacterial soap or the intake of antibiotic drugs for a prolonged period for other ailments and disorders.
One of the most common causes of vaginal yeast infection is the usage of innerwear that is made of non cotton or other elastic or synthetic fabric that traps in heat and moisture. The reuse of dirty underwear or usage of innerwear that has not been washed properly, also leads to the development of yeast infection.
Some women have a tendency of wearing extremely tight underwear to look slimmer and sexier around the lower abdomen. The tightness of the innerwear discourages airing and evaporation of the perspiration that is formed in the vaginal area, which ultimately lead to yeast infection. It is important to wear undyed, unbleached and simple cotton underwear that allows “breathing”. Wearing fresh and clean underwear will help reduce yeast infection and their recurrence.
Use of Chemicals and Douching
The current fashion trends of using dyes, inks and perfumes in the crotch area ,often causes yeast infections as they trigger off allergic reactions that ultimately lead to full fledged yeast infections. Commercial douching is one of the main causes of yeast infection in women and should be avoided as far as possible for maintaining good vaginal health. The presence of chemicals in soaps and other private area washes disturb the vaginal environment which causes yeast infection. It is a good idea to shift to recycled and unbleached toilet paper that is eco friendly, to avoid critical problems that can take place through the scented and dyed versions of toilet paper.
The traces of chemicals that remain in the innerwear after being washed with fabric softeners and laundry detergents leads to yeast infection in many women. The perfumes and allergic dyes contained in the commercial detergents, the additives in bath salts and bubble baths, chemicals in female deodorants and the perfumes present in tampons and sanitary napkins, can also act as triggers for vaginal yeast infections.
Condoms are typically packaged along with a lubricant that is made of nonoxynol-9 which is a spermicide that is found to be responsible for the destruction of HIV virus. Research studies have revealed that nonoxynol-9 is associated with the development of yeast infection to a certain extent.
There are examples of many women being diagnosed with vaginal yeast infections after they have had contact with a condom during the act of sexual intercourse. If you are also prone to latex allergy then you should avoid condoms altogether and request your partner to try out other means of contraception to avoid yeast infection in the vagina.
High levels of sugar in the diet can act as fodder for the yeast present in the vaginal area. It is often found that increased levels of alcohol consumption or intake of too much of sweetened food stuff, elevates the sugar levels in the urine which helps in the spreading of vaginal yeast infection.
Many women, who are diabetic, have increased percentage of sugar in their urinal discharge and it is common to find yeast infections in such patients. Caffeine and yeast consumption have also been cited as probable causes for yeast infection in women but there are no proven evidences to back the concept.
Pregnant women are often found to be infected with vaginal yeast infection due to the alterations in the hormonal balance taking place during this period. The usage of female contraceptive pills lead to fluctuations in the hormone levels present naturally within the body and that in turn leads to the development of yeast infection.
The steroids that are administered for the cure and treatment of disorders such as asthma, arthritis or lupus, also change the hormone levels that end up creating disturbances in the vaginal environment. The hormone fluxes during menstrual and menopausal periods also cause yeast infections in many females.
If the vaginal membrane or the vulva is subjected to any injury or harsh impact due to non lubrication, the same may lead to the formation of yeast infection in the vagina. It is common for sexually active women to use artificial modes of lubrication for sexual satisfaction. The perfumes and chemicals that may be present in the non oily hand lotions break down latex, lubricants, Vaseline or other related products may trigger off vaginal yeast infection. It is important to be aware of the harmful effects of such lubricants before using the same.
Yeast infection can be transmitted from an infected person to another through direct contact and thus it is also termed as a sexually transmitted disease or STD. It is important to follow all the requisite safety guidelines while indulging in sexual acts. It is also a good idea to abstain from any sexual activity with the partner who is suffering from yeast infection until the treatment is over.
Weakened Immune System
Patients of HIV or Lyme disease are susceptible to yeast infections as they have a weakened immune system. Along with infections in the vagina, women suffering from these diseases are also prone to yeast infection in the esophagus and throat.