A cyst is typically a sac, that is filled with fluid and can develop in any part of the body. The cysts that develop or originate inside or on the ovaries in women are known as ovarian cysts. The functional cysts are the most common types of ovarian cysts and are formed during the menstrual cycle.
The cysts known as follicle cysts are formed when the sac fails to rupture and release the egg within it. This cyst usually disappears in a period of 1-3 months. On the other hand the Corpus Leteum cyst does not dissolve after the release of the egg and is sealed off. The fluid that builds up inside the sac gives rise to cysts that may grow up to 4 inches in size. It is important to note that these cysts are generally non benign and do not cause cancer. They usually go away within a few weeks
What Are the Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts?
The symptoms connected with ovarian cysts are difficult to observe. Most of the common symptoms of ovarian cysts keep on developing continuously in a women’s body and cannot be attributed to ovarian cysts alone. However, if these signs persist for a prolonged period of time or cannot be diagnosed as the cause of any other disease, then immediate steps should be taken to consult a doctor and go in for the relevant tests required for the detection of ovarian cysts.
Symptoms Similar to Other Diseases Connected With the Ovaries
Ovarian cysts can be life threatening and it is important to note that the presence of the symptoms which are similar to those of ovarian cancer, ectopic pregnancy, diverticulitis and appendicitis can also be caused due to ovarian cysts. The rupturing of cysts in the ovarian region can cause an excruciating pain which may not be connected straightaway to the main cause.
It is common for many doctors and patients to attribute the various symptoms to other diseases as mentioned above .Women should have high levels of alertness and awareness of any alterations or symptoms developing inside their body as the same helps in early diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cysts.
1. Pain In The Pelvis Or Abdomen
The bleeding inside the cyst or the bursting of the same, causes pain in the pelvis or the abdomen of many patients. The pain can also be caused due to the writhing of the ovarian cyst or its speedy growth. A dull ache in the lower back, ribs and thighs are the most common symptoms of ovarian cysts.
2. Pain During Sexual Acts
The pressure created on the ovarian cyst during sexual intercourse, can lead to excessive bleeding or rupturing of the cysts present inside or on the walls of the ovaries. The tissues in the lower abdominal region tend to get aggravated during sexual acts and they may cause a sensation of pain during intercourse. The presence of a dull, throbbing and persistent pain in the vaginal region may also be a symptom of ovarian cysts.
3. Menstrual Problems and Heaviness in the Belly
If the menstrual cycles of the patient become irregular, unpredictable, painful or accompanied by heavy or abnormal discharge, then the same may be caused due to ovarian cysts . It is common for the belly to feel bloated, swollen or full along with a tenderness in the breasts and nipples.
4. Headaches, Nausea, Vomiting Or Lightheaded
The patients suffering from ovarian cysts also experience bouts of headaches, dizziness, fever, vomiting tendencies, weakness, fast breathing and lightheaded.
5. Irregular Urination and Bowel Movements
The pressures created on the adjacent pelvic region and the ovaries during urination and bowel discharge can lead to the same becoming irregular. There is a visible change in the frequency of urination as the bladder does not become empty totally. Some patients also find bowel movements painful and difficult.
6. Weight Gain and Increase In Hair Growth
As the ovarian cysts increase in size many women notice an unexplained increase in their weight. There is a constant feeling of swelling and heaviness that leads to discomfort. Another common symptom connected with ovarian cysts is the presence of strange and abnormal nodules that start appearing under the surface of the skin. There is an increase in the rate of body and facial hair growth as the ovarian cysts develop.
Ovarian cysts can be highly painful and require proper diagnosis and cure. It is important to be aware of the above symptoms and bring the same to the notice of a medical expert as soon as they appear.