Cosmetic surgery includes both surgical and nonsurgical procedures that remodel and reshape the normal structure of human body in order to improve appearance and self-esteem. It is a personal choice and should be performed for one’s own satisfaction and not to fulfill someone else’s wishes to fit an ideal image.
Healthy individuals with a positive outlook and pragmatic expectations are suitable candidates for cosmetic procedures. Cosmetic surgery is categorized into many parts and types and so are their procedures.
Types of Cosmetic Surgery Procedures
Facelift cosmetic surgery keeps away the signs of aging, which include sagging in the middle face, deep creases below the lower eyelids and along the nose, loss of muscle tone, loose skin and excess fat deposits under chin. Rejuvenation procedures also help in correcting brows and eyelids. The patient is administered with intravenous sedation or general anesthesia.
This surgery is usually performed in three steps. The incision starts at hairline on the temples, continues around the ear and ends in the lower scalp. Fat is redistributed and underlying tissue is repositioned before trimming away the excess fat. Neck lift and closing the incision are the other steps to be followed in this process. Some resurfacing techniques to improve tone and texture or wrinkle reduction by injections may be followed after examining the overall appearance of the face.
Breast Augmentation Surgery
It involves using implants for fuller breasts for restoring the volume of the breast. Incisions in this procedure are based on the type of implant, degree of enlargement desired, anatomy and preference. Incisions can be performed in the inframammary, transaxiallary or periareolar ways. After the incision, a saline or silicone based breast implant is inserted into a pocket under the pectoral muscle or directly behind the breast tissue. Incisions are closed with layered sutures, skin adhesive or surgical tape.
Liposuction slims and reshapes specific areas of the body by removing fat deposits and improving proportion. Liposuction is performed through small, inconspicuous incisions. A thin hollow tube is inserted to loosen excess fat and then fat is suctioned out of the body using a surgical vacuum or syringe.
Tummy Tuck or Abdominoplasty Procedure
It removes excess fat and skin around the tummy and restores weakened muscles. The incision is performed in the same way as liposuction.
It improves the shape and tone of the underlying tissue which supports fat and skin. Excess sagging fat is removed through incisions and the process helps in the restoration of the elasticity in the skin and body parts. Thigh lift cosmetic surgery is also performed in the same way.
Hair Replacement Surgery
This surgery includes punch grafts, mini grafts, slit grafts and strip grafts for bringing about a change in hair fullness. Tissue-expansion, flaps and scalp-reduction, are other procedures to be followed for implants of hair.
Incisions are generally made on the posterior surface of the ear. Internal and non-removable sutures are used to create and secure the newly shaped cartilage in place.
Cosmetic surgery is a good way to bring about the necessary improvements in countenance or one’s body structure. However, it is important to take care of the post operative precautions to prevent any unnecessary problems in future.