Perimenopause is a phase in a female’s reproductive life which initiates (from two years to a decade or even fifteen years) prior to menopause. Commonly, perimenopause lasts for about 4 years, though among several females this phase might last merely for some months or prolong for a decade or so.
Perimenopausal phase concludes and menopause phase starts when there is absence of menstruation for a year. Perimenopause is also infamously dubbed as the shift or changeover to menopause due to this reason.
Various Causes Of Perimenopause
Erratic hormonal vacillations during this phase is chiefly responsible for perimenopause and the changes in a woman’s body. Lesser estrogen is manufactured by the ovaries in a woman’s body many years prior to menopause. Such a plummet in estrogen levels hastens in the final 1-2 years of the perimenopausal phase.
Signs And Symptoms Of Perimenopause
If you experience several or all of the below mentioned symptoms then it is an indication that you might be perimenopausal.
Menstrual cycles are no longer regular, arriving earlier (2-4 days sooner) than the usual twenty-eight day time interval. Women might even experience missed menses cycles (in 2-3 monthly intervals followed by bleeding for a period of an entire fortnight, instead of the normally experienced monthly flow).
Hot flashes are fleeting sensations of heat which could be felt alongside marked reddishness (due to dilated capillaries) and flushing/blushing of the face and perspiration. When it occurs during nighttime then it is termed as night sweats and can hinder sound slumber.
Sleep Disturbances Or Problems
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One might find it difficult to fall asleep, stay asleep and wake up often during the night with problems faced when returning to sleep, waking up very early at dusk or non-invigorating slumber (sense of tiredness when one wakes up and all through the day).
Breasts might feel sore or tender which is best described as a sense of pain or discomfort felt when pressed.
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Aggravated Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Symptoms
Women in their perimenopausal phase might experience intensification of PMS symptoms like swollen, tender breasts, fuzzy thought process, bloated feeling, altered bowel habits, skin eruptions, crave for salted or sugary foods, weariness, low sexual drive, bodily aches and pains, behavioral changes like aggressiveness or withdrawing from kin and buddies, feeling depressed, irate, sad, irritable, moodiness, inattentiveness or concentration problems.
Dryness In Vagina
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Lack or insufficient natural moistness or lubricating fluid in the vagina which can cause discomfort while one engages in sexual intercourse.
Accidental Urinary Seepage
A woman going through perimenopause might inadvertently pass urine when she coughs, lifts some thing or sneezes.
It is an abrupt, compelling necessity for urinating at more frequent intervals than what is normally experienced. Medical diagnosis through an array of tests like blood analysis and examinations can help to confirm whether your symptoms are due to perimenopause.
Irrespective of when hormone levels begin acting up, it is important to bear in mind that perimenopause is a vital, healthy and innate phase of a female’s life and there’s nothing wrong with her or her body.
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