Cancer is one of the most deadly and potentially life threatening diseases among many others today. Though rapid advancements and developments in medicine, science and technology have caused the invention of new drugs, instruments and easier, possibly minimally invasive methods to treat cancer, it still remains one of the major causes of death around the world.
Uterine cancer, accounting for 4.5% cancer deaths around the world, is a serious condition of the uterus, occurring mostly in women after the age of 40. Uterine cancer is also known as endometrial cancer and the tumors originating in the uterus may have different names, depending upon their nature and their occurrence in the uterus. Read below to find out more about how uterine cancer tumors can affect the health and how it can be treated.
Types of Uterine Cancer Tumors
The cancerous tumors originating in the uterus may have different names, depending on their location within the uterus. Listed below are a few common uterine cancer tumors.
These include sarcomas of the myometrium (outer layer of the uterus). The myometrium is the outer muscular layer of the uterus, and cancerous tumors within these account for 11% of cancer deaths.
The cervix is the lowermost portion of the uterus, and when a cancerous tumor originates in this area, it is known as a cervical tumor.
The endometrium is the innermost lining of the uterus and the tumors found here arise from the glandular cells present here. Some of these are readily treatable, like the well differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma, while some others are highly aggressive and much difficult to treat, like the uterine papillary serous carcinoma and the uterine clear carcinoma.
These arise from the connective tissue layer in the endometrium of the uterus and are very rare.
These tumors show both glandular and stromal differentiation.
Risk Factors for Uterine Cancer
Women who have crossed their menopausal period and elderly women are more likely to fall prey to endometrial cancers, according to recent studies. These studies also reveal that this cancer is more than 70% hormone sensitive; meaning the growth and spread of this cancer is largely dependent on hormonal fluctuations. Cervical carcinomas are common among patients who have chronic conditions and addictions like excessive smoking, chronic genital infections and immunodeficiency for over a period of time.
Chemotherapy, radiation and surgery are among the most popular treatment modes for all types of uterine cancer tumors. Natural healing techniques can prove to be beneficial too. However, the mode of action is dependent on the nature of the tumor.
Mostly, cancers affect the nearby organs and hamper their functioning. They may also metastasize (spread) to other areas through different body fluids. They invade healthy tissues and live on a constant supply of blood. Stopping the blood supply to the tumor is the first mode of action usually carried out. Surgery is recommended for those who fail to respond to drugs and to whom major therapies have proved to be ineffective. Also, large tumors may need to be removed by surgeries only.
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