Treating an ovarian cyst first involves an accurate diagnosis of the cysts with the help of vaginal ultrasounds and pelvic exams. The cysts appear as a bubble on the ultrasound with a thin outer covering.
Vaginal ultrasounds are more effective in making an accurate diagnosis of whether the cysts are fluid filled or solid. Here are some of the common treatments for ovarian cysts.
Treatment Of Ovarian Cysts
Laparoscopic surgery may be performed on women with ovarian cysts. In this, a very small hole is made in the abdomen and a scope is inserted into the uterus to see the ovaries. The size and the texture of the cysts are ascertained and these are either removed from the ovary or tissue is collected and then these are sent for biopsy.
Oral contraceptives may be given to the patient in case of normal cysts. The oral contraceptives bring a halt to the normal menstrual process and allow the cysts to dissolve on their own. This treatment is successful when the cysts are relatively harmless.
Pain relievers may be prescribed in case of severe pain. Brufen is the normal pain medication prescribed. Certain narcotics may also be given if the pain is very severe.
This is a more invasive surgery in which the surgeon makes an incision into the abdomen in order to remove the cysts from the ovary. In extreme cases, emergency surgery may have to be carried out in case the ovarian cysts have become twisted as this can lead to severe pain, nausea and vomiting.
If the cysts are relatively harmless, they may dissolve on their own and need no treatment. In this case a wait and watch approach works the best. More often than not, these cysts resolve on their own. The only thing required will be regular monitoring and screening to prevent a recurrence of the cysts. Menopausal women may also have to go in for regular screening.
In Case Of Infertility
In case the cysts are typical of polycystic ovarian disease, then this can have severe ramifications on the fertility of a woman. In such cases, the cysts will be treated and the women will have to take some fertility medication like clomid for the release of a mature egg from the ovary. Polycystic ovaries cease to produce eggs and may require stimulation with the help of fertility drugs. This will help to facilitate in conception.
While undergoing treatment for ovarian cysts, warm baths and warm compresses can help to relieve the pain caused by the cysts. These can relax the tense muscles and can stimulate the blood circulation back into the ovaries, thus reducing the sensation of pain. Bags of ice can be used alternately to again help enhance blood circulation to the ovaries.
Bed rest for large and twisted ovaries may be necessary to reduce or relieve any kind of pressure on them. This is to prevent any kind of ovarian cyst rupture. A combination of all these treatment modalities may be used to successfully treat ovarian cysts.