These include cervical issues, ovulatory constraints, uterine factors and tubal and pelvic issues. The fertility in females can be affected by either one or a combination of all these factors.
Causes Of Female Infertility
The cervix happens to be the opening through which the sperm reach the uterus from the vagina. In certain cases, the cervix becomes too narrow for the sperm to pass through.
In other cases, the cervix may get damaged or infected by conditions like gonorrhea, mycoplasma hominis, Chlamydia, trichomonas, ureaplasma urealyticum, inadequate cervical mucus and sperm allergy etc. and may prevent the sperm from passing into the uterus.
Ovulation in a female body is a monthly ritual which involves the passage of the unfertilized egg from the ovaries to the vagina via the fallopian tubes and uterus. In certain cases, this standard cycle may get disturbed thus causing infertility in females.
Normal ovulation can get affected by a number of reasons the most common of which include hormonal imbalances, physical and emotional stress, drastic lifestyle changes, excessive prolactin production, thyroid gland abnormalities, production of androgens (male hormones), damaged/scarred/infected ovaries, premature menopause, follicle problems, and other genetic disorders.
Pelvic And Tubal Issues
Some women tend to suffer from infertility owing to issues related to the pelvis and fallopian tubes. These issues would typically include conditions like thin/abnormal uterine lining, scarred uterine tissues blocked/damaged/infected/diseased fallopian tubes, uterine fibroids, and other anatomic problems.
In addition to affecting the respective regions in the body, these issues could hamper the chances of a woman becoming pregnant to great extents.
Certain Additional Causes That Need To Be Taken Note Of
In addition to the above mentioned causes for female infertility, there are some widely known and yet unheeded reasons as to why a woman is unable to conceive. And these reasons are related to the individual’s dietary and lifestyle considerations.
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The reproductive organs work their best only with a proper diet and a healthy body. Obesity, anorexia and other weight related conditions can affect fertility to an extent.
In general, it has been found out that ladies who are either underweight or overweight have difficulty conceiving while ladies who manage their weight properly are able to conceive faster.
Smoking, Drinking And Drugs
If you have any or all of these habits, then its time you showed them the door. For these activities both individually and as a group can cause fertility issues in women.
While smoking can cause conditions like premature birth, miscarriage and reduced chances of conception in women, alcohol consumption can give rise to issues like birth defects in the newborn and fetal alcohol syndrome.
Usage of drugs like cocaine, marijuana and steroids can cause serious complications to the mother and child while the former is pregnant. In addition to reducing the chances of her getting pregnant or carrying a child successfully, these drugs can cause birth defects like mental retardation, kidney ailments and heart diseases in the newborn baby.
Even though most of the times, the causes for infertility can be correctly diagnosed after a couple of medical tests, some women tend to face difficulties in conceiving despite showing positive results in all the tests.
In these cases, their infertility would generally be attributed to reasons like implantation failure (the fertilized egg fails to attach itself to the uterine wall), no fertilization (the sperm does not fertilize the egg even after coming in contact with the same) and pickup failure (the egg remains in the ovary and is not picked up by the fallopian tube).
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