Infertility is no longer considered as a major concern in couples who find it hard to conceive because of the issue. With the advent of modern day medicines and treatments, it has become possible for couples, especially women to give birth even after failing to do so for several years.
Given below are some of the more popular standardized treatments for female infertility. Choosing the apt treatment for you would depend to a great extent on factors like your age, body conditions and constraints, family history, and preferences. Again, the form of treatment would be chosen keeping in mind how long you have been suffering from the issue.
Another important thing to be noted with respect to these treatments is the fact that they would either help you to conceive naturally or help you reproduce by alternate, artificial techniques.
It may take just a few sessions for you to become pregnant. Or it may take a lot of sessions and experiments with different techniques until fruitful results are seen.
Different Kinds Of Fertility Treatments For Women
These drugs are usually prescribed to treat ovulation disorders and fertility issues arising out of the same. They help stimulate the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone which in turn trigger ovulation. Accordingly, some of the more common drugs that are prescribed for infertile women include:
These drugs are usually administered along with a procedure called IUI (Intra uterine insemination) in which sperm is collected from the male body and is injected into the uterus through a catheter.
The drug acts on the ovaries and stimulate ovulation and the IUI procedure makes sure that the sperms are ready when the egg comes out of the ovaries.
Usually administered orally, this particular drug is used to treat infertility in women who have PCOS. The drug is also used as an initial treatment for unexplained fertility. It stimulates the pituitary gland to produce more LH and FHS hormones which in turn act on the ovaries and stimulate ovulation.
Administered orally, metformin is used to treat infertility in women who either have PCOS or are insulin resistant.
The drug works to restore the normal insulin levels in the body by improving insulin resistance, thereby promoting normal ovulation that might have otherwise been hindered by the issue.
Risks Associated With Fertility Drugs
Fertility drugs could help you conceive. However, they do come with their share of risks and so need to be taken only under the careful guidance of a qualified practitioner.
Accordingly, some of the risks associated with taking fertility drugs (unsupervised) include multiple pregnancies, premature labor, birth defects in the new born, enlarged ovaries, OHSS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome), distention, abdominal cramps, breathlessness, and gastrointestinal disorders etc.
Surgical Options For Fertility
There is always the option of going under the knife to treat or control a condition that may be the cause for infertility. In the case of women who suffer from fertility issues, surgery is recommended in the following cases.
Endometrial Tissue Removal
As the name suggests, this surgical procedure involves using either lasers or ablation techniques to remove excessive endometrial or pelvic tissue that might be preventing the sperm from reaching the egg.
These surgeries are aimed at treating issues in the fallopian tubes. Accordingly, they are used to clear fluid from the fallopian tubes, remove adhesions or other blockages from the tubes, widen a narrow tube or generate a new opening in the tube for the egg to pass through.
In the case of tubal surgeries, the success rate depends on the exact location of the issue in the fallopian tube. Accordingly, if the issue happens to be in a part of the tube that is located near the ovary, then the chances of success are more as when compared to adhesions or blockages located close to the uterus. In the case of the latter, the chances of an ectopic pregnancy are high.
If the tubes cannot be dilated or unblocked, or if they get infected, doctors may recommend a salpingectomy, a process in which the fallopian tubes are removed from the body completely. If this happens, then the only other possible way to conceive would be via in vitro fertilization techniques.
In Vitro Fertilization For Fertility
The only other option when every other course of action has failed, in vitro fertilization involves getting healthy, mature eggs from the female and healthy, donor sperms from the male. These are then fused in a dish in a laboratory.
After the process of fertilization, the now fertilized is transferred back to the female body and implanted in the uterus. This is usually done within 3-5 days after the process of fertilization.
In vitro fertilization is sought after in extreme cases of infertility and is best recommended in situations where both the fallopian tubes in the uterus are blocked and non functional and infertility is caused by conditions like cervical disorders, ovulation inconsistency or endometriosis. IVF can also successfully treat male infertility and usually requires regular hormonal injections and blood tests for best results.
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