Diabetes is an alarming problem as it may lead to loss of vision, kidney cancer or kidney failure and foot problems. So it should be controlled at the right time to avoid all these problems. People who have prediabetes or borderline diabetes have the glucose levels more than the normal but not so much to match the diabetes levels.
They should try to get out of this prediabetes stage to prevent the occurrence of the following types of diabetes:
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
In this type of diabetes, the immune system of the body kills all the insulin producing beta cells present in the pancreas in the body. It is also known by the name insulin-dependent diabetes and is found in around 10% to 20% of people.
This type of diabetes can occur at any age, mostly under 40 and is caused by the environmental factors like the presence of bacteria in the air, diet or chemicals in the surrounding area. All the people suffering from Type 1 diabetes should get injections of insulin every day with proper diet and exercise schedule to get rid of this diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
This is the most common form of diabetes that affects around 90% to 95% of the people .It is also known by the name non-insulin dependent diabetes. It is influenced by the factors like obesity, lack of physical work, hypertension and poor eating habits. In some cases, the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes start appearing at an advanced stage which creates a problem.
The chances of occurrence of other cardiovascular diseases are more in people who have Type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes can be treated with changes in eating habits, physical work and taking insulin injections at an advanced stage.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
This type of diabetes is common in pregnant females. It was diagnosed by the oral glucose tolerance test. The factors that contribute to this type of diabetes are family history, age at the time of pregnancy and obesity.
The carbohydrate intolerance in this type of diabetes returns to normal after giving birth but the mother of the child always remain in danger of developing permanent Type 2 diabetes and the baby is likely to face obesity and impaired tolerance to glucose levels in his/her later life. To prevent this type of diabetes, self care and changes in eating habits are always required.
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA)
In this type of diabetes, people show both types of diabetes and it normally occurs after the age of 30. Research indicates that around 10% of people suffering from Type 2 diabetes suffer from LADA. LADA shows the slow development of the TYPE 1 diabetes as the sufferers of this diabetes have antibodies that fights with the insulting producing beta cells present in the pancreas of the body.
At the first instance of the diagnosis of LADA patients are capable to produce insulin and they do not need any insulin injections in the early stage. So they should try to control the diabetes problem by following healthy eating habits, physical exercises and oral medicines that decrease the blood glucose levels. When the problem of LADA advances then the beta cells of the pancreas are not able to produce insulin as the immune system has been destroyed.