Ever wondered what hCG levels in early pregnancy are? If not, then here’s a bit of information about the same that would help you out.
What Exactly Are hCG Levels?
When you get pregnant, the first signs of the same start showing through something called hCG levels. hCG is in itself a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin. The hormone is produced by the body as soon as the fertilized egg attaches itself to the uterine wall.
As soon as your body starts detecting the early signs of pregnancy, it starts producing the hCG hormone in excess. And this is usually taken as an indicator for positive pregnancy. Accordingly, as and when a woman arrives for a pregnancy test, she is asked to give a blood and urine sample.
A positive pregnancy can be determined by the hCG levels in the blood after 11 days of conception and in the urine after 13 days of conception. The levels would rise dramatically (doubles every 3 days) till the first few weeks of the pregnancy (up to 11 weeks) and then drop back down a bit after which it remains steady for the rest of the pregnancy.
hCG Levels To Check Pregnancy
Generally, the higher the hCG levels, the better the chances of a woman being pregnant. However, the test results would be compared against a standard chart developed for the same purpose.
Accordingly, if you get a hCG level of <5mIU/ml, then you are not pregnant. Levels that fall in between 5 and 25 mIU/ml would require further tests for confirmation. If you have a hCG level of >25 mIU/ml, then no doubt about it, you are pregnant.
Variation In The hCG Levels
As mentioned earlier, the hCG levels in the body would increase by 60% every 3 days during the first few weeks of the pregnancy. After you cross 2 months and your hCG level reaches 6000 mIU/ml, you will notice a decline in the levels of the same. This does not signify an issue in the growth of the fetus.
So there is no need to worry about different hCG levels as they would vary significantly from time to time and there is no specific normal value for the same. However, a steady increase in the hCG levels in early pregnancy would most usually denote normal growth.
Common FAQs About hCG Levels
Can hCG Levels be Altered by Medical Complications or Other External Elements
The hCG hormone is produced by the placenta at the time of fertilization. And so, the levels of the same would be specific only to the hormone which would not be affected by medical complications or any other external conditions. This includes pain killers, antibiotics, contraceptives or other hormone treatments or medications etc. that would not have any effect on the hCG levels in the body.
The hCG levels in the body can be altered only if you take medications that contain the hormone (used in fertility medications and treatments).
How Frequently Should The hCG Levels Be Checked?
Gynecologists usually check the hCG levels of a pregnant woman regularly. And while this may not necessarily be a cause for concern, extra tests would be prescribed in case you suffer from conditions like severe cramps, miscarriages, excessive bleeding etc.
How Will The hCG Levels In The Body Vary In Case Of A Miscarriage?
In case of a miscarriage, the hCG levels in the body would return back to their normal range within 6 weeks of the same. The range of hCG levels just before and after a miscarriage would help doctors determine the reasons for the miscarriage, and sometimes doctors prescribe regular hCG tests to make sure that the levels return back to the normal range of <0.5.