Also called as ‘gingivae’, gums are actually fibrous tissues that are situated at the base of the teeth for support. A gum infection is said to occur when these tissues are infected. In most cases, a bacterial infection in these tissues would lead to a gum infection.
Gum infections can also be caused by a variety of other factors including cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, nutritional deficiencies, frequent use of tobacco and its related products, use of oral contraceptive pills and steroids and existing medical ailments like cancer and medications for the same.
The most common form of gum infection is gingivitis which if left untreated, would progress to a more serious problem called periodontitis or periodontal disease. In most cases, a gum infection would cause some tell-tale symptoms, including redness, tenderness, swelling, bleeding gums, toothache and bad breath etc.
Effective Home Remedies For Gum Infection
It is always considered wise to check with a doctor in case of a gum infection. However, the symptoms of an infection can be controlled to an extent with the help of certain home remedies. These home remedies can work along with the prescribed medications to provide optimum relief for an individual suffering from the condition. Given below are some of the most common home remedies for a gum infection.
Gargle With Salt Water
Gargling the mouth with a salt water solution is considered as a very effective home remedy for gingivitis and other gum infections. The salt content in the water would effectively subdue the pain and inflammation caused by the infection.
An appropriate salt water solution would contain about 2 teaspoons of salt mixed in a cup of lukewarm water. Gargling the mouth with this solution at least twice a day can provide relief from the pain and inflammation for extended periods.
Rinse With Hydrogen Peroxide Solution
Rinsing the mouth with hydrogen peroxide solution at least twice every day can effectively reduce the symptoms of a gum infection and get rid of the bacteria causing the same.
An ideal solution would contain 1teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide mixed in 1 cup of water. Rinsing the mouth with this solution every day would offer extended relief from the swelling and pain caused by a gum infection.
Brush Teeth & Gums With Baking Soda
Food and fluids residues can increase the acidity of the mouth and contribute to gum infections.
Brushing the gums gently with a baking soda paste (made by mixing some baking soda with a few drops of lukewarm water) can neutralize the acidic environment and curb the infection (and its symptoms) from worsening.
Use Tea Bags
Tea bags contain tannic acid that can effectively bring down the pain and inflammation caused by a gum infection. Tannic acid also contains antibacterial properties that can help fight off the bacteria causing the infection.
A tea bag needs to be steeped in boiling water for some time and then cooled to an extent. The cooled tea bag can be placed directly on the gums to reduce the pain and inflammation instantly in addition to relieving the gum infection.
Apply Raw Garlic
Garlic contains potent antibacterial properties that can help treat gum infections effectively. An ideal remedy using garlic involves crushing a few cloves of raw garlic to form a paste and adding some rock salt to it.
The paste needs to be applied directly on the infected gums. With time, the garlic would contain the infection and reduce its symptoms considerably.
Eating apples on a regular basis can help strengthen the gums and fight off infections like gingivitis.
The nutrients present in apples can contribute to the growth of healthy, strong gums that can fight off bacterial infections and other factors leading to gum infections. Eating apples regularly can also promote quick healing after a gum infection.
Applying a little bit of pepper on the infected gums can help reduce the swelling caused by the infection to some extent.
A paste of pepper and clove oil can be applied over the gums at regular intervals throughout the day to provide extended relief from the symptoms of a gum infection.
Honey has potent antibacterial properties that help fight of bacterial infections leading to gingivitis and other types of gum infections. It also contains antiseptic properties that promote quick healing of the gums after an infection.
Applying a small amount of honey on the infected gums after brushing the teeth every morning can help get rid of the gum infection and reduce the symptoms of the same. It is imperative that the honey be applied only on the gums and not on the teeth as doing so could increase the sugar content in the body (owing to the high sugar content of honey).
Apply Eucalyptus Paste
Eucalyptus contains numbing properties that can help reduce the pain and inflammation caused by a gum infection. Crushing a few eucalyptus leaves and applying the resultant paste on the infected areas can provide instant relief from the infection and its symptoms.
Drinking lemon juice every morning can help reduce the pain caused by a gum infection. A better alternative would involve mixing a few drops of lemon juice with some salt and applying the resultant paste directly on the infected gums.
Doing so would reduce the pain and discomfort caused by the infection to a great extent.
Apply Clove Oil
Applying some clove oil directly on the infected gums can help treat gum infections effectively. The oil can be applied using a filler.
Alternatively, a cotton ball soaked in clove oil can be placed near the infected gums until the symptoms of the infection recede. Clove oil can also be substituted with raw cloves that can be placed directly above the infected gums to provide relief from the pain and swelling.
Use Tea Tree Oil
Tea Tree Oil contains antifungal properties that help deal with gum infections effectively. The antibiotic and antiseptic properties of the oil also promote quick healing from a gum infection. Since the oil is very concentrated in its natural form, it can be used along with other remedies for desirable results.
Accordingly, a few drops of tea tree oil can be added to the toothpaste just before brushing the teeth. The oil can also be added in miniscule quantities (a few drops would do) to other remedies like honey, pepper or lemon etc.
Increase Intake Of Vitamin C And D
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that promotes bone regeneration and the growth of connective tissue in the body, including the mouth. Eating foods like oranges, papaya, grapes and strawberries that are rich in the nutrient is therefore considered essential for treating gum infections and promoting quick recovery from the same.
Vitamin D on the other hand contains potent anti-inflammatory properties that can help treat swollen gums and other related symptoms caused by a gum infection. Increased intake of Vitamin D therefore, would reduce the symptoms of a gum infection to a great extent in addition to preventing recurrences.