How Does Birth Control Affect Women


The proven effectuality of birth control measures in preventing unwanted pregnancies leaves very little room for discrepancies. Women are free to choose any birth control method from a number of options, but few think twice about its side effects. Birth control is available as hormonal pills, hormonal patches, condoms, spermicidal jellies and intra uterine devices.

It is very essential to analyze the pros and cons of birth control methods before adopting them. Some women are quite apprehensive about adopting hormonal birth control methods and avoid them deliberately, while some never hesitate in picking up these contraceptives. Every woman should select the right birth control method suiting their physical conditions.

Effects Of Birth Control

Cause Mild Physical Ailments In Women

Women opting for birth control pills often experience nausea, head ache, tenderness in the breasts, mood swings, irregular menstrual cycles and weight gain. Normally, these physical discomforts do not create any serious complication and subside naturally after few months. Women suffering from migraine may experience an increase in migraine attacks after taking birth control pills, while there may be a decrease in the intensity of migraine attacks in some cases.

Effect On Nursing Mothers

A reduction in breast milk flow after taking birth control pills is observed in nursing mothers. Consequently, there is a fall in the weight gain rate of the newborn. There is a shortage in nitrogen content in the protein of mother’s milk. According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, nursing mothers should post pone taking of combination birth control pills (estrogen-progesterone pills) for a minimum six weeks post delivery.

Affect Blood Pressure

Prolonged use of birth control pills might raise the blood pressure to some extent and women having high blood pressure should consult a gynecologist before taking these pills. Rarely, these pills cause blood clots, heart attack and stroke. The risk of cardiovascular diseases increases in women who smoke and those who have crossed the age barrier of 35 years.

Elevate The risk Of Cancer

Scientific researches do reveal that prolonged use of birth control pills not only increases the risk of cervical and liver cancer, but also reduces the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer. There is no proof as yet that intake of birth control pills will lead to breast cancer, but statistics indicate that there may exist a relation between the two. Women with a family history of breast and endometrial cancer should look for other alternative methods of birth control.

Female Fertility

Reports from mayoclinic.com indicate that ovulation may start within a couple of weeks after a woman stops the intake of birth control pills. Consequently, she can become pregnant easily within a month. In some cases, women may have to wait for 4-6 months to conceive. Researches by Webmd.com indicate that women on birth control pills for prolonged periods have higher rates of pregnancy after discontinuance than those who never take these pills. Birth control pills prevent anemia and protect the endometriosis, raising the chances of pregnancy. However, lifestyle and other physiological factors must be taken into account to increase the chances of pregnancy.

Condoms And Intrauterine Devices

Male and female condoms are very effective in preventing unwanted pregnancies with a very low failure rate. Condoms do not produce any side effects and also offer protection against sexually transmitted infections. Latex allergies from condoms are observed in rare cases.Women should go for a thorough medical check up before inserting any intrauterine devices. They may experience pelvic pain, heavy periods, nausea and headaches after inserting those devices.




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