Dizziness in pregnancy is quite normal. Hardly would you find a woman who has not experienced this symptom during her term. A sudden surge in the pregnancy hormones dilates the blood vessels that results in an increased blood flow to the developing fetus. The normal blood flow in your body gets retarded to some extent causing a sudden drop in the blood pressure resulting in dizziness.
You feel a reeling sensation in your head as if you will drop down unconscious. Severe dizziness can make you faint. According to the American Pregnancy Organization, this is prominent in anemic women and those suffering from varicose veins. Low blood sugar levels caused due to increased metabolism during pregnancy can also result in dizziness.
This symptom can also be felt in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Dizziness during pregnancy is not at all a serious concern. In case of ectopic pregnancy, dizziness is often accompanied by palpitation, blurred vision, bleeding and abdominal pain which calls for immediate medical attention.
Tips To Deal With Pregnancy Dizziness
Dealing with pregnancy related dizziness is not tough. You need to follow some steps cautiously to tackle this problem.
Slow Down Your Movements
You may feel dizziness as soon as you get off from your bed early in the morning. This is one of the common symptoms of “morning sickness” in pregnancy. Get up slowly from your bed. Your body undergoes some cardiovascular changes during pregnancy that affects the normal blood circulation. Relax and give some time to your body to adjust to the different changing postures instead of hurrying.
Your body metabolism increases during pregnancy and you need to supply a steady fuel to cope up with the increased metabolic rate. Eat nutritious food in small portions whenever you feel hungry. Long hours of starvation will lower your blood sugar levels giving rise to dizziness.
Avoid Sitting Or Standing For Long Hours
Blood collects in the lower limbs due to prolonged sitting or standing posture. When you stand from the sitting position abruptly, your body takes some time to get back the normal blood flow to the heart. As a result, your blood pressure drops causing dizziness. Working women should take short walks in between their sitting hours to maintain a steady blood circulation.
If your job demands long hours of standing, walk in a slow pace frequently. Shift your body weight from one leg to another while standing for a long time. Keep a seat beside you to rest in between the standing hours. You can also arrange for a seat in the kitchen to rest while carrying out kitchen chores.
Avoid Lying Down On Your Back
When you lie on your back in the second or third trimesters of pregnancy, the developing fetus exerts excessive pressure on the inferior vena cava, the vein responsible for circulating the blood from the lower portion of your body back to the heart. The inferior vena cava and the pelvic veins get compressed reducing the blood circulation which in turn results in dizziness. It is always advised to lie on the left as this position enables maximum blood flow into the heart providing quick relief from dizziness.
Have Enough Iron Rich Foods
Anemia is a vital cause for pregnancy dizziness. Pregnancy demands enhanced blood circulation, and the fewer number of red blood cells in anemic women fail to provide the necessary oxygen to the brain giving rise to dizziness. Women should opt for iron rich foods like red meat, egg, poultry products, kale and beans.
Include some Vitamin C enriched foods like oranges, grapefruit, kiwi, strawberries, broccoli and cabbages for better iron absorption. Liquid iron supplements are readily absorbed by the body and help in raising the red blood cell count fast. Doctors often prescribe prenatal vitamins with iron to make up the low red blood cell count.
Drink More Fluids
It is very essential to increase your fluid intake to curb pregnancy dizziness. Drinking 8-10 glasses of water is normally recommended during pregnancy.
Insufficient fluid intake can cause dehydration which in turn gives rise to dizziness. Drink water, fruit juices and butter milk at regular intervals to prevent dehydration. Gulping too much water at a time to quench thirst may cause nausea.
Avoid Congested Places
Insufficient oxygen supply in congested places is often responsible for dizziness in pregnancy. Avoid traveling in crowded buses or cars. Overcrowded malls and multiplexes can also worsen the situation. Make sure that you get enough fresh air to breathe while working in the kitchen. Keep the doors and windows of your room open to allow circulation of fresh oxygen. Breathe in fresh air whenever you feel dizziness.