Hormonal imbalances can drastically affect several areas of a woman’s life including her moods, bodily functions and sex life. Hormones are chemical substances secreted by various glands directly into the blood stream.
They are responsible for controlling and regulating the activity of some of the organs in the body. Without hormones, various bodily systems would collapse and this can be manifested in the body in the form of a hormonal imbalance.
Some Important Hormones In Women
Women have three main hormones circulating in their bodies, which influence a variety of their day-to-day functions. These include progesterone, estrogen and testosterone. Estrogen is responsible for development of primary and secondary sex characteristics in the woman. It is also an important hormone for successful menstruation and ovulation to occur. It is this hormone, which gives the woman a girly and high-pitched voice.
Progesterone is used by the female body to maintain and sustain a pregnancy in case it occurs. It also alerts the body to cease ovulation when a pregnancy occurs.
Testosterone is also found in the woman’s body but in very small amounts. This hormone is responsible for an increase in the sex drive of women and to preserve and conserve bone health.
Hormonal Imbalances In Women
Deficiency In Estrogen
A deficiency in estrogen can lead to irritability, vaginal dryness, hot flashes and weepiness. It can also lead to weight gain and hair loss. This is one of the primary problems faced by women who reach menopause and their bodies stop producing estrogen. This is another reason why a woman stops having her menstrual periods after the age of 40-45.
Deficiency In Progesterone
A deficiency in the hormone progesterone can lead to aggravated PMS, excessive bleeding, menstrual cramps, miscarriages, insomnia and infertility. A deficiency of progesterone in the body interferes with the body’s ability to maintain a pregnancy.
Deficiency In Testosterone
A deficiency in testosterone is related to a low sex drive and sexual arousal disorder where the woman does not get aroused.
Treatment Of Hormonal Imbalance
Hormonal imbalances are common in women suffering from PCOS, ovulation problems, infertility or excessive bleeding. This can be treated in the following ways:
Hormone replacement therapy is the first line of treatment especially in women who are undergoing menopause. With this therapy, the levels of estrogen are restored in the body and the woman’s symptoms are alleviated to a large extent.
Progesterone Patches And Tablets
For women who suffer from repeated miscarriages, progesterone pills or patches can be given to help sustain the pregnancy and ensure that the woman carries to term. Progesterone therapy is crucial amongst women suffering from miscarriages.
A Healthy Diet
A healthy diet plays a crucial role in restoring hormonal balance. Make sure you eat a diet that is low in fat and high on fibre so that hormonal balance is restored. A diet plan and exercise will go a long way is restoring health and normal hormonal function in the woman’s body. Hormonal imbalances are easily correctable provided you take early remedial action.