Motherhood is magical and every woman longs for this beautiful stage of her life. For some women, certain hurdles obstruct the journey into motherhood. Poly cystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one such barrier that causes infertility in women. This syndrome causes irregular periods and cysts in the ovaries.
It alters the hormone regulation in the body, thereby affecting ovulation. This affects fertility and pregnancy. Fortunately, PCOS can be treated. With proper treatment, many women have given birth to healthy babies. If you are trying to conceive with PCOS, a little knowledge on its medical care can help you make a smooth transit into motherhood.
Getting Pregnant With PCOS
Irregular periods are a matter of concern and it gets difficult to time the intercourse. The proper approach is to correct the defects in the body before trying to get pregnant.
Regulate Menstrual Cycle
Irregular periods or absence of periods is common among women suffering from PCOS. Only if the cycle is regulated, ovulation can be timed. Periods must be induced naturally or must be brought about with apt medications. Progesterone hormone derived drugs are used by most medical practitioners to induce periods. The most commonly used hormone derived drug is Provera.
Stabilize Hormone Levels
Stabilizing the hormonal levels promotes ovulation and thus helps fertility. Due to imbalance in the hormones, multiple, small, under developed ovarian follicles are formed. This can be rectified with the help of anti-estrogen drugs.
These drugs when taken orally, reduces the estrogen level. When estrogen is low, your body can synthesise Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), which promotes the production of egg.
Regulate Insulin Levels
Women with PCOS secrete increased amounts of insulin. Since insulin regulates blood sugar, type 2 diabetes is common among women with PCOS. High insulin levels impact implantation and development of embryo. The quality of eggs is also affected when insulin is high. Insulin lowering medication like metformin or drugs that can treat insulin resistance can regulate blood sugar. With controlled insulin levels, menstrual cycle is regulated.
Difficulty in ovulating is pretty common among women with PCOS. Certain low dosage fertility drugs such as Clomid can induce ovulation at the right time. When low doses of these drugs fail, doctors recommend gonadotropins. Gonadotropins are fertility injections that further stimulate ovulation. However, the use of injections involves the risk of multiple births. Hence, effective monitoring of ovaries is essential.
Time Your Intercourse
While on medications, it is important to track your most fertile days. Regular intercourse in these days can help you conceive quickly.
Generally the most fertile days fall four to five days around ovulation. Charting your basal body temperature can help you decide the best time for conception.
Reducing your dietary intake of simple sugars can control insulin levels. A diet rich in protein and fibre is necessary to regulate insulin. A healthy diet combined with regular exercises can help in regulating your menstrual cycle and in weight management. Many specialists recommend a wholesome diet and physical activity to induce ovulation.
Women trying to conceive with PCOS are advised by most doctors to stay calm. When the body is stressed, the chances of conceiving drastically reduce. As arduous as it may sound; de-stressing is extremely important. Take time to indulge in your favourite activity.
Fertility techniques like in-vitro fertilisation and intra uterine insemination are suggested by specialists after many unsuccessful attempts at pregnancy. These techniques can improve your chances of getting pregnant when all other medications fail. A certified specialist should be approached to help you with these techniques.
With various improvements in the field of medicine, getting pregnant with PCOS is not a herculean task. The right practitioner must be chosen. Your sincere co-operation with the specialist can bring about positive results.