Both men and women experience Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), but this is more common in women. Alternatively termed as bladder infection, this is mainly caused by the bacterium E.Coli though other bacteria, fungi and parasites may also be responsible for this condition.A definite population of E.Coli already exists in the large intestine, and sometimes they manage to get into the body through the urethra. Urethra is a small tube connecting the urinary bladder that helps in eliminating urine. Women are prone to UTI due to the close proximity of the urethra and the bladder, which provides an easy access for the germs to reach the bladder. Again, the chances of this infection are higher in pregnant women.
The growing fetus exerts pressure on the urinary bladder preventing the complete drainage of the urine ultimately giving rise to UTI. Women feel frequent urge for urinating, and they are unable to empty the bladder completely. This is often followed by pain and burning sensation. The urine appears cloudy giving off a foul smell. One may also experience abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting.
Tips to Get Rid of a Urinary Tract Infection
Getting rid of the urinary tact infection is not an uphill task. The following tips will guide you to cure this disease and prevent its recurrence.
Drink Plenty of Water
Drink at least 2-3 liters of water daily to get rid of urinary tract infection. Your water consumption should be more than your regular intake. Insufficient intake of water is often responsible for UTI. A high volume of water intake helps to flush out the bacteria from the bladder. You need to urinate after every 4-5 hours. High water intake increases the volume of urine which ultimately flushes out the harmful bacteria.
Drinking Cranberry Juice Is Helpful
Drinking 2-3 glasses of cranberry juice daily also helps in treating urinary tract infection. You can opt for cranberry juice cocktail in case the sharp taste of pure juice does not suit your taste buds. Avoid drinking sweetened cranberry juice. The bacteria, E.Coli clings to the wall of urinary tract with small hair like appendages called pili producing irritable symptoms.Proanthocyanidins present in cranberry juice prevents the pathogenic bacteria clinging to the walls of the urinary tract and flushes them out through urine. Pregnant women can also drink cranberry juice or have cranberry capsules to get rid of UTI.
Take Vitamin C
Increase your Vitamin C intake to boost your body immunity. Look out for the best natural sources of this vitamin in oranges, lemon, grapes, kiwis, tomatoes and red bell peppers to prevent and treat UTI. Drinking 1-2 glasses of orange or lime juice can provide enough quantity of Vitamin C in your body in one shot.Vitamin C supplements are equally effective in treating this condition. Those suffering from recurrent UTIs can take 1000mg of Vitamin C supplement per day. Consult your doctor before taking this supplement. Increased amount of Vitamin C makes the urine acidic creating unfavorable conditions for bacterial multiplication in the urinary tract.
Drink Green Tea
Drinking 2-4 cups of green tea can ward off urinary tract infections. The strong antioxidant property of green tea strengthens your body immunity preventing bacterial infection in the bladder.The University Of Maryland Medical Center recommends a daily intake of 250-500 mg of the standardized green tea extract. Else, you can prepare tea at home with dried green tea leaves and have it throughout the day. Avoid drinking caffeinated green tea.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Raw apple cider vinegar (ACV) is enriched with Vitamins A and C which boosts your body immunity. Partially fermented apple cider vinegar contains high quantities of enzymes, potassium and magnesium that help in maintaining the acid-alkali balance of the urine preventing urinary tract infections.Moreover, the antibacterial and antifungal properties of acetic acid and malic acid present in ACV helps in fighting bladder infection quite effectively. Mix one part of apple cider vinegar in 4 parts of water and drink it regularly. You can add honey if the taste of apple cider vinegar mixture does not seem palatable to you.
Avoid Alcohol and Caffeinated Beverages
Mayoclinic.com strongly discourages drinking of alcohol and other caffeinated beverages for patients suffering from UTI. These beverages irritate the urinary bladder worsening the condition.Those prone to recurrent urinary tract infections should consume these beverages in restricted amounts.
Antibiotics are essential to treat UTI if you fail to check this infection at the earliest, but the bad news is that the bacteria E.Coli have become drug resistant to many antibiotics. Commonly prescribed antibiotics often are not effective in curing urinary tract infection. A standard UTI treatment involves following a 3-day course of the antibiotic Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), but this widely prescribed antibiotic has also been ineffective in some cases due to the drug resistant E. Coli.Currently, doctors are prescribing Quinolones to fight this infection, but these are not suitable for pregnant women. Tetracyclines, Nitrofurantoin, Fosfomycin and Doripenem are other antibiotics prescribed to treat UTI. Aminoglycosides (like Gentamicin) are prescribed in case of severe bladder infections.
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