A pregnancy that poses risks to the health of the mother and the baby is known as high risk pregnancy. In most cases of high risk pregnancy, the mother-to-be has a pre-existing health problem that leads to complications during pregnancy.
Complications might gradually develop even in a seemingly healthy pregnancy, making it a high risk pregnancy in the later trimesters. Regular medical supervision and proper prenatal care ensures birth of a healthy baby without harming the new mother.
Tips To Handle High Risk Pregnancy
Reducing Pregnancy Complications In Older Women
In most cases, miscarriage occurs naturally to eliminate fetuses with genetic defects. Eating nutritious meals, performing moderate physical activities as recommended by your doctor and taking enough rest can minimize complications.
Managing Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes affects about 4 percent women during pregnancy. Obesity, high blood pressure, history of gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy, a family history of diabetes or giving birth after the age of 30 increases the risk of developing gestational diabetes.
Untreated gestational diabetes is harmful for the mother and the fetus. Pregnant women with untreated gestational diabetes might deliver large babies or babies with birth defects.
Gestational diabetes can be managed with diet and physical activities. The calorie intake of a pregnant woman is determined by her body weight and height. A pregnant woman with gestational diabetes should consume 2,200 to 2,500 calories each day. However, obese women should limit their daily calorie consumption to 1,800 calories.
Approximately 50 to 55 percent of the daily calorie requirement should be met through healthy sources of carbohydrates such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Sugary treats and refined carbohydrates should be eliminated from the diet. Proteins should be obtained from lean meat, poultry, eggs, fish and legumes.
Less than 10 percent of the daily calorie requirement can be met from saturated fats. In a small number of gestational diabetes cases, doctors recommend insulin injection to normalize the blood sugar level.
Dealing With Preeclampsia
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Preeclampsia is usually diagnosed after the 20th week of pregnancy. It is characterized by high blood pressure and elevated protein level in the urine. Untreated preeclampsia could be fatal for the mother and the baby.
Bed rest is recommended to reduce the blood pressure and boost blood circulation in the placenta, enabling the fetus to mature. By monitoring the blood pressure and protein level in the urine, the complications associated with preeclampsia might be avoided. To avoid boredom during bed rest, you can read books, baby magazines, knit, stitch, do a craft or communicate with online support groups.
High risk pregnancy causes immense mental stress. Stress might worsen your problems. You can fight stress with meditation. Chatting with support groups or women who have handled high risk pregnancies can help to calm your mind.