Almost all women suffer from the problem of dysfunctional uterine bleeding in their reproductive years. Most commonly the time during which females pass through dysfunctional uterine bleeding is the initial stage of menstruation in the adolescence and at the last two or three years of menstruation when a female enters her menopause.
The problem of dysfunctional uterine bleeding means bleeding occurs abnormally.It may occur between periods, after sex or menopause and excessive bleeding or spotting occurs anytime during the menstrual cycle.But this problem should not be misunderstood with the occurrence of brown, black or red clots which is normal and a part of the process of endometrium.
Endometrium is a state in which the uterus lining sheds during menstruation cycle. The absence of menstrual periods in pregnancy is common and after giving birth to the baby the bleeding continues for a period of 40 days. These two cases do not come under the category of dysfunctional uterine bleeding
The dysfunctional uterine bleeding is diagnosed with the help of a pelvic examination which includes a pap smear or lab tests like a pregnancy test that is used to check the underlying causes of this problem. In some cases, the doctor recommends ultrasound which helps to diagnose any type of growth of fibroids. If still the problem is not diagnosed properly then endometrial biopsy D & C and hysteroscopy is used to determine the state of the uterus. The treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding is possible with the help of some simple methods which are discussed here.
Treatment Options for Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Giving Hormone Progesterone
The dysfunctional uterine bleeding can be cured by identifying the medical or physical reason of the problem. If the problem is not linked or correlated to any other disease then it can be treated by giving a combination of hormone progesterone with estrogen. These hormones can be given in the form of oral contraceptives.
If the female is suffering from excessive bleeding then she should be observed for the existence of the problem of anemia and treatment should be started soon after diagnosing anemia with iron supplements. The problem of severe bleeding can also be treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The two most common drugs are ibuprofen and naproxen. These two drugs help to reduce menstrual cramps and bleeding. But these should be taken only after consultation with a doctor.
Thermal Balloon Ablation
The technique of thermal balloon ablation terminates the bleeding by neutralizing the uterus lining in the stomach. But this technique is recommended only for females who have given birth to children or do not want to have children as this technique leads to infertility.
But this is not a birth control measure so birth control method should not be discontinued as is rare cases fertility remains and female have the chances to conceive. This technique was developed in replacement of the technique endometrial ablation.
However, a single instance of heavy bleeding does not require treatment. But in case the heavy bleeding continues for more than 24 hours then this call for a medical emergency. The gynecologist should be contacted if you have any kind of insecurity with the dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
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