Hypertensive heart disease is a condition that stems from chronic hypertension or high blood pressure. Prolonged hypertension exerts excessive pressure on the heart muscles leading to a number of complications like ischemic heart, coronary artery disease (CAD), systolic and diastolic dysfunction of the heart muscles, cardiac arrhythmia, angina pectoris and many more.
About 7 out of 1000 persons suffering from hypertension develop different hypertensive heart diseases, which are the leading causes of death among hypertensive patients.
Tips To Treat Hypertensive Heart Disease
Persons suffering from hypertension or High Blood Pressure are most likely to develop hypertensive heart disease. Treatment of heart diseases mainly lies in following a disciplined and healthy lifestyle coupled with other modes of treatment. The following tips will guide you to treat hypertensive heart disease enabling you to remain hale and hearty for long.
Stop Smoking And Drinking
This is applicable to both hypertensive and non-hypertensive people. Prolonged high blood pressure condition is the underlying factor for hypertensive heart diseases and smoking aggravates the condition.
Smoking reduces the oxygen supply in the blood stream forcing the heart muscles to work more. Enjoying a glass of wine daily may be good for your heart, but if you overstep your life is at risk.
Therefore, doctors suggest quitting smoking and drinking to maintain a healthy heart. Smoking and drinking habits may induce hypertension ultimately leading to some form of hypertensive heart disease.
Regular Monitoring Of Blood Pressure Is Essential
Hypertensive patients must monitor their blood pressure regularly. Check your blood pressure every month with your health care provider. You can monitor your blood pressure at home using a Digital BP monitor if the situation demands so.
Checking blood pressure every ten days is highly recommended for patients suffering from ischemic heart disease.
Medications Are Essential To Treat Hypertensive Heart Diseases
Medications are must to treat hypertension and the related hypertensive heart diseases. You should follow the prescribed medications earnestly. Your cardiologist may prescribe diuretics, vasodilators, calcium blockers, beta blockers etc to treat hypertensive heart diseases.
Often, you may need to increase or decrease the dosages depending upon the symptoms and your physical condition. It is very essential to regulate the dosages of medications according to the symptoms.
DASH Diet To Treat Hypertensive Heart Diseases
Prolonged hypertension is the root of all hypertensive heart diseases. If you can control your blood pressure levels, the chances of complications from hypertensive heart diseases fall drastically.
Dietary modifications are absolutely necessary to treat hypertensive heart diseases. DASH ( Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet plan suggests increased intake of fresh vegetables and fruits and reduced intake of saturated fats.
It also advises increased consumption of nuts, whole grains, fish and lean meat. Red meat and high fat dairy products should be strictly avoided by people suffering from hypertensive heart diseases. Low fat milk and yoghurt can be better choices. This plan is also recommended for diabetics suffering from hypertensive heart diseases.
Keep Your Body Weight In Check
Obesity and overweight conditions exert more pressure on your heart causing it to work more. This constant excessive load on your heart raises your blood pressure resulting in thickening of the heart muscles.
Vital valves of the heart start malfunctioning leading to severe forms of coronary heart diseases. It is mandatory for the patients of hypertensive heart disease to maintain normal body weight through diet and physical activities.
Brisk walking and light jogging are the simplest physical activities that are beneficial for hypertensive heart diseases. You can also opt for other physical workouts under professional guidance.
Go For Regular Blood Tests
High blood sugar and high blood cholesterol levels can badly affect your heart leading to hypertensive heart diseases. Patients of hypertensive heart diseases should get their blood cholesterol levels checked every month to prevent clogging of arteries.
The number of diabetics suffering from hypertensive heart diseases cannot be ignored. Diabetics should be extra cautious about their blood sugar and blood cholesterol levels for better condition of their heart.
Surgery To Treat Hypertensive Heart Diseases
Surgical interventions are often called for if medications and lifestyle changes fail to curb hypertensive heart diseases. Different types of surgical operations are carried out depending upon the condition of the heart.
The cardiologist may replace the mitral valve, remove heart blockages or repair damaged blood vessels. Though these are expensive mode of treatments but can dramatically improve the condition of the heart.