Gynecological problems are often the most ignored problems and tend to get underestimated over a period of time because most people are find it embarrassing to visit a gynecologist. However, these problems if ignored for prolonged duration can prove to be potentially dangerous and may permanently affect fertility.
Studies and researches have shown that over the past few decades, there has been a significant increase in the number of women suffering from different gynecological conditions, particularly ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are small outgrowths on the surface of the ovary, and are generally asymptomatic. However, when the condition worsens, medical care is essential. Read below to find out how laparoscopy surgery for ovarian cysts can help treat many patients.
Laparoscopy Surgery for Ovarian Cyst
Laparoscopy is usually recommended to those women who have been experiencing severe symptoms associated with ovarian cysts and those who did not benefit from other treatment options. For a non-cancerous cyst, doctors usually suggest a cystectomy.
Before the procedure, you will be given general anesthesia to numb any pain that occurs during the procedure.
During the Surgery
The laparoscopic surgery for ovarian cysts is normally among the best surgical procedures as they are generally less invasive than other surgeries and help preserve fertility. Even if your cyst is not causing symptoms, laparoscopy may be needed to rule out the possibility of the cyst turning cancerous.
After anesthesia, small incisions will be made into your abdomen (particularly the lower abdomen) and gas is blown into the pelvis so as to lift the wall of the abdomen away from the internal organs. After this, the surgeons will pass a small tube-the laparoscope, into your stomach.
This tiny tube is actually a microscope with a light at one end, which helps the surgeon view your internal organs. Using specialized surgical instruments, the surgeon will then remove the cyst carefully. Once the procedure is done, the cuts are closed down with dissolvable stitches.
The skill and expertise of the surgeon plays an essential role in determining the success rate of the surgery. Also, this surgery may be unsuitable for certain patients-for example those suffering from chronic lung disease, or those who are unable to tolerate steep down positions and high intra abdominal pressures.
Often, laparoscopy is considered to be the best treatment for resistant ovarian cysts, especially pre-menopausal ovarian cysts. This is because they have low bleeding rates as the in scions made are very tiny. Furthermore, the infection rates are also low as the time taken during the surgery generally does not exceed an hour. Also, this surgery is minimally invasive, requires minimal post op care and restores the fertility of the patient.
However, some patients have known to develop pelvic inflammation and pain post surgery, which may be noted as one of the side effects. Allergic reactions to anesthetic agents are also sometimes observed.
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