Antibiotic medicines are the primary line of treatment for urinary tract infection or UTI of any type, namely simple, complicated, recurring or primary.
The purpose of prescribing medicines for urinary tract infection is elimination of offender bacteria and providing relief from bothersome symptoms such as burning sensation while urinating, recurrent or strong urges to empty bladder despite hardly much coming out, belly or back discomfort and pressure, weariness or trembling, urine that appears blood-stained, murky, darkish or smells strange, abnormally high body temperature or chills.
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Moreover, therapy decisions are circumstantially dependent on gender, age, health status, pregnancy, bacterial type identified in the urine culture and symptoms that are been experienced.
Simple (Uncomplicated) Urinary Tract Infections Treatment Guidelines
This type develops in a healthy urinary tract and doesn’t affect any other areas of the body. About ninety-four percent of these infections are resolved with the use of orally taken antibiotics medicines for duration of three to seven days, though there is high rate of reappearance.
Doctors always advise sufferers to religiously take the entire prescribed course of drugs so that the infection is totally uprooted from the body.
Prevalently Advised Antibiotics Include
Orally taken doses of co-trimoxazole (SXT), Quinolones and Doxycycline (unsafe for preggers), amoxicillin or cephalosporins are prescribed for a three-day period.
Nitrofurantoin is also prescribed for five to seven days to tackle the infection instead of co-trimoxazole or quinolones. Although Fosfomycin isn’t that helpful as compared to its counterparts, however, it is deemed safe for use among expectant mothers.
Fluoroquinolones (levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin) are recommended solely as the last line of treatment since they make the body resistant to their effects and is inadvisable during gestation.
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In majority of the sufferers urinary tract infection clears up after taking an antibiotics course for seven days. Seldom, a solo dosage of the antibiotic medicine is also given by the doctor.
Urine culture samples are collected from women who continue to suffer from the infection despite intake of these medicines. This is done to precisely recognize which microorganism is the culprit.
For relief from burning sensation while passing urine, medicines like phenazopyridine or analogous ones are prescribed along with the above mentioned antibiotic course for 1-2 days.
They are basically pain relievers which have a numbing effect on the urethral region and urinary bladder to allay discomfort during urination. Acetaminophen medicine might be advised in the case of pyrexia or fever.
Complicated Urinary Tract Infections Treatment Guidelines
They develop due to some irregularity in the anatomy, affect several areas of the body, exacerbate due to underlying health conditions or have developed resistance to several antibiotic medicines.
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Women ailing from acute urinary tract infections are recommended a lengthier course of orally taken antibiotic drugs (ten to twelve days) or intravenously administered antibiotics (parenteral cephalosporin) or are admitted to a hospital for further treatment.
Recurring or Chronic Urinary Tract Infections Treatment Guidelines
Women who develop a urinary tract infection within 21 days of having undergone treatment are suggested protracted use (a week to a fortnight) of earlier prescribed antibiotics like co-trimoxazole or Nitrofurantoin.
Hormone medicines such as topically applied vaginal estrogen creams are often prescribed for menopausal or postmenopausal females who suffer from recurring urinary tract infection.
Some females typically become symptomatic or suffer from recurring urinary tract infection after coitus (sex) which is experienced more than twice in a time period of six months.
Intake of antibiotic medicine (solo prevention dosage) like Fluoroquinolones, co-trimoxazole or Nitrofurantoin soon after the sexual act may be helpful. Females who fail to find relief from these options are advised to continue intake of low-dosage antibiotic drugs for a period of six months or more.
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Intermittently, self-care among women ailing from recurring urinary tract infections is possible by taking antibiotic medicine as soon as the symptoms develop.
When infection develops less than twice in a time period of twelve months then a singular dosage of antibiotic or three days course of antibiotic is generally the line of treatment.
Several over-the-counter, at-home urine testing kits can be used to check if one must seek medical assistance or whether the antibiotic medicine which one is taking has ultimately treated the infection, though, one should still ensure completing the prescribed medicine course.
All antibiotics have some type of associated side effects and it is important to know what they are and notify the physician about them.