Heavy periods means that large amount of bleeding occurs from the uterus. This condition is known by the term menorrhagia. The symptoms of this problem are frequently changing of sanitary pads even at nights, excretion of big blood clots at the time of menstruation and the duration of period is longer than five days.
The occurrence of heavy periods can lead to anemia due to excessive blood loss and interference in the normal activities of a person. But why this problem occurs? The answer to this question is here:
Common Causes of Heavy Periods
The hormones of the body made some changes in the body at the time of adolescence when the first period of the girls starts and at the time of menopause. During both these stages the hormonal imbalance in the body leads to excessive uterine bleeding.
Uterine Fibroid Tumors
Uterine fibroid tumors develop in the body when the women enter into her thirties or forties. They are dependent on estrogen. These tumors are non cancerous and disappear with the start of menopause and they can be treated with pharmacological and surgical treatments if a woman wishes to get rid of them before the menopause. The development of these tumors increases the blood flow from the uterus.
Cervical polyps are small and fragile growth that develops on the mucosal surface of the cervix or the cervical canal and extend with the cervix opening.
They occur due to any kind of infection or abnormality associated with estrogen and blood vessel congestion. Mostly they develop at the age of 20-25 when the female gives birth to the children.
These are non-cancerous growths that extend from the uterus walls. The cause of the development of these polyps in not known clearly but is often related to the increased level of estrogen or any kind of ovarian tumor which increases the blood flow from the uterus.
Lupus is a severe inflammation in different parts of the body like skin, joints and kidneys. The symptoms of this disease aggravates with the use of certain antibiotics like sulpha and penicillin, ultra violet rays, stress and genetic and hormonal issues. The onset of this disease leads to heavy bleeding.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
The pelvic inflammatory diseases include any kind of infection in the uterus, fallopian tubes and cervix. This disease usually occurs at the time of giving birth to a child, abortion or other gynecological linked surgeries. All these instances lead to heavy periods.
In this type of cancer the cervix cells become abnormal and they go on increasing abnormally and harms other parts of the body. The reason for this is the human papillomavirus. This can be treated with surgery or therapies to get rid of heavy periods.
When the lining of the uterus increases abnormally and harms the uterus and other closely related parts than that is known as endometrial cancer. This cancer usually occurs at the age of fifty and the heavy bleeding starts.
The devices used as contraceptives are known as intrauterine devices. These devices lead to increased blood flow. The women facing heavy periods due to this can opt for other contraceptive methods to get rid of heavy bleeding.
Some bleeding disorders lead to heavy periods. One of the common disorders is Willebrand Disease. In this disease, the deficiency of von Wille brand factor (vWF), a multimeric protein occurs and that can be qualitative and quantitative. The clots of blood develop in this disease which comes out at the time of bleeding.