Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder that affects the large intestine. It leads to cramping, pain in the abdomen, bloating, diarrhea and constipation. It can also damage the colon permanently. Most of the people think that the symptoms will be under control once they can control the condition leading to IBS.Only a few people suffer from the disabling signs and symptoms of IBS. This problem does not lead to inflammation , changes in the tissues of the bowel and increase in the risk of colorectal cancer. You can easily control the IBS by making some modifications in your diet, lifestyle and stress.
The reason for the problem of irritable bowel syndrome is not known exactly but the walls of the intestines are lined up with the layers of the muscles that contract and relax in a rhythm like the movement of food is done in a stomach with the help of the intestinal tract to the rectum. But when you are suffering from the problem of IBS then you have stronger contractions that stay for longer durations.When the food passes from the intestine than it leads to gas, bloating and problem of diarrhea. In some cases, the food passes very slowly and it leads to hardening of stools. The various kinds of abnormalities in the nervous system cause great discomfort when the intestinal walls stretch due to gas.
Some other factors that affect the IBS are people who have IBS have abnormal serotonin levels which affect the functioning of the brain and digestion as serotonin is a chemical messenger.The trigger of IBS affects some persons very much with no changes in some others. The various causes of irritable bowel syndrome are given here.
Causes Of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Certain food affects the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. These certain foods include chocolate, milk and alcohol which lead to problem of diarrhea or constipation. Citrus fruits, carbonated beverages and some vegetables increase the discomfort with the occurrence of bloating and gas.
So if you are facing allergic reaction after the intake of any food stuff then stop eating it. But this should not be misunderstood with the inability of the body to tolerate the sugar and caffeine levels. So if you are experiencing bouts of cramping and bloating after eating sugar candies or caffeinated beverages then it may not be a sign of irritable bowel syndrome.
The symptoms of IBS aggravate with the increase in the stress levels of the body. The stress levels affect the movement of the intestines and affects the IBS. The increased levels of stress affect the digestive functioning of people who are not suffering from the problem of IBS.
Hormonal changes in the body lead to irritable bowel syndrome. The hormones tend to change in the menstrual cycle so the irritable bowel syndrome aggravates at the time of periods.
Some people suffer from this problem due to the presence of irritable bowel syndrome in the family history. This is known as a genetic disorder.