High blood pressure or hypertension as it is commonly called is referred to the amount of force that is exerted on the arterial walls as the blood flows through the circulatory system. Some of the most common reasons connected with the diagnosis of high blood pressure are discussed below:
Main Causes of High Blood Pressure
The causes connected with the incidence of high blood pressure are generally dependent on the age of the patient. It is a common fact that as a person ages, he/she starts having frequent incidents of blood pressure going beyond the normal acceptable limits and this requires immediate attention and medical treatment.
The chances of developing the symptoms and signs of high blood pressure are considerably higher in people who have a family history of hypertension. According to the results of international scientific studies, there are over eight known genetic evidences which lead to an escalation in the chances of high blood pressure in off springs, siblings and other blood related members of the family.
A survey conducted across 8800 participants in three cities in France, have proved that the diastolic and systolic blood pressures in people aged over 65 differed in accordance to the outdoor temperature and mercury readings in the four seasons of the year.
Blood pressure readings are usually on the lower side when the temperatures are high whereas lower temperatures led to a rise in the symptoms connected with hypertension and high blood pressure.
According to the evidences collected from the continents of North America and Europe, it has been proved that people with South Asian or African origins or ancestry, have a much higher risk of being diagnosed for high blood pressure and other symptoms of hypertension than people who have an Amerindian or Caucasian background.
Overweight and Obesity
The excessive weight accumulated in bones and muscles is often connected with the presence of unused water or fat in the body system. Obesity or conditions of being overweight, lead to high blood pressure in more ways than one. People, who exercise regularly to keep their weight and body proportions in check, are less likely to suffer from the symptoms of high blood pressure.
It has been established that women in the age bracket of 18-60 years are more susceptible to the symptoms of high blood pressure in comparison to their male counterparts.
The increasing levels of stress and family pressures in women can indirectly lead to the diagnosis of hypertension.
One of the primary causes of high blood pressure is attributed to sedentary lifestyle, lack of movement and physical inactivity. The risks of high blood pressure in people who give low priority to a more mobile life style is higher because of the accumulation of fat, symptoms of being overweight and high cholesterol levels in their body systems.
Smoking and Over Consumption of Alcohol
As the blood vessels in the body start getting narrow due to smoking, it has been observed that compulsive smokers have a greater chance of being diagnosed for high blood pressure than those who avoid nicotine. Those who drink excessive levels of alcohol are also liable to be diagnosed for hypertension and high blood pressure. Studies have revealed that the level of systolic blood pressure is about 7 mmHg greater in those who drink frequently rather than in those who refrain from the consumption of alcohol.
Excessive Intake of Salt
According to reports from the University of Michigan Health System, it has been established that societies which have a habit of consuming lesser levels of salt, are less prone to the symptoms of high blood pressure than those who like taking excessive salt in their daily diet. Some people are addicted to taking raw salt on their food, irrespective of the same containing adequate salt inputs; such people are prone to hypertension and all major symptoms of high blood pressure.
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People, who are fond of taking food containing high cholesterol or high contents of fat, are at a high risk of being diagnosed for high blood pressure. However, it is important to note that the type of fats consumed is more important than the quantity eaten, as fats which are sourced from organic and vegetable resources are not as harmful as Trans fat or that which is present in food sourced from animals.
According to dietitians, olive oil, nuts and avocados along with omega oils are good sources of fat which should be included in the diet on a regular basis.
Long term mental and psychological stress can lead to high blood pressure and have a series impact on the other metabolic functions as well. Management of stress becomes very important for those with a family history of high blood pressure or in people who have started revealing the first signs of hypertension.
It is a common fact that Diabetes patients run a very high risk of showcasing the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure. Though the administration of intensive insulin and other remedial measures lead to a reduction in the symptoms of high blood pressure in people suffering from Diabetes Type 1, it has been found that other reasons such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases and the effects of certain medicines lead to higher readings of blood pressure.
Psoriasis leads to the detection of high blood pressure symptoms in most women suffering from the same. Psoriasis is typically a condition that is connected with poor immune system and appears in certain regions of the skin in the form of red, thick and scaly patches.
Low Weight at birth
As an individual grows older, the link and connection between low birth weight and high blood pressure becomes all the more evident. This reason for hypertension is prevalent in males to a larger extent than in females.
The risk of high blood pressure is greater in pregnant women than others. Hypertension is one of the most common health issues connected with pregnancy and gives rise to discomfort and several other problems.
The causes of high blood pressure are many and it is important to understand and alleviate the same at the earliest.