Bladder is a highly elastic muscular organ which collects urine from kidneys to excrete it out of the body through the urinary tract. Bladder infection is also known as cystitis. The common symptoms include burning sensation while urinating, persistent and frequent urge to urinate, fever and pain in the lower abdomen.
It is essential that bladder infection be contained and treated, otherwise it can reach kidney very easily. Common causes behind a bladder infection are unprotected sexual intercourse, use of catheters, use of unhygienic toilets for relieving urine. Pregnant and sexually active women are specifically vulnerable to this infection.
Bladder Infection Treatment Tips
In this feature we shall discuss the various treatments that are available for clearing up this infection. The treatment begins with the correct diagnosis and covers the medication for infection, pain and fever. We have also put a light on very simple home treatments for this condition as well.
Diagnosis of this infection is the first step in treating the bladder infection. Urine test is the most common test for diagnosing infection. Almost all kinds of bacterial and fungal infections would show up in the urine test. Apart from urine test a detailed CT scan or an ultrasound might be conducted to check the extent to which the infection has spread.
This infection is very easily treatable and does not pose any danger, if limited to bladder and the lower tract. But, if it has spread to the upper tract and kidneys then it might turn very critical and serious.
Medication for bladder infection begins with a course of antibiotics. It is usually spread over three days and in most of the cases cures the infection effectively. Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Ciprofloxacin are some of the examples of drugs that might be prescribed for bladder infection.
Cefalexin is another antibiotic which is considered safe for pregnant women. However, the dosage and duration is decided by the doctor depending on the extent and kind of infection that inflicts the patient.
In some cases, the bladder infection can cause a lot of pain in the lower abdomen. It may especially worsen while passing urine. For such cases, prescribing pain killers is not uncommon.
Analgesic category is preferred for numbing the bladder and therefore, bringing a relief from the pain. Paracetamol, aspirin and ibuprofen are the most common painkillers that might be taken to ease the bladder pain.
Like all infections, bladder infection is also accompanied with mild to high fever. If the fever is below 99 degrees then you can just rest it out. However, higher fever may need your attention. Paracetamol and calpol are prescribed by the doctors world over for alleviating fever. For high fever, a cold compress of wash cloth is very helpful. It is also a natural way of controlling the fever without the fear of any side effects.
While the antibiotics do their work, it is also important that you follow certain home remedies to expedite the treatment. They are simple and very effective in cleaning the infection. In fact in cases of mild infection, these home remedies are more than enough to alleviate the infection. At least one and half to two liters of water and juices must be taken to flush out the infection. Coconut water is specifically recommended for this condition.
Large quantity of water passes through kidney and bladder, washing the system thoroughly. In case of mild infections, higher fluid intake coupled with frequent urination can clear the infection almost in a day. Herbal teas like chamomile and green tea are also considered beneficial for treating the bladder infection as they have anti-oxidant properties.