All kinds of cancers are extremely frightening and many people break under the pressure of the disease and treatment methods. A lot of courage and willpower is required to sail through cancer. Ovarian cancer is a deadly form of cancer that affects the ovaries of a woman.
Most often diagnosed during the later stages because of the symptoms that bewilder most women, the cancer causes the death of more than 15,000 women in the United States alone.While the first and second stages of ovarian cancer have a good record of survivors, from the third stage of ovarian cancer, things get difficult and the treatment would be rigorous. Only 50% of the women in stage III ovarian cancer survive the disease.
Stage III Ovarian Cancer Prognosis
When a woman enters stage III of ovarian cancer, the cancer has left the walls of the ovaries and has spread to surrounding areas of the abdomen like the ileum. Ileum is the part of the small intestine that is connected to the colon. When this occurs, women will increasingly feel difficulty around the abdominal region.
Symptoms include a constant feeling of pressure inside the abdomen, swelling of the abdominal region, gas, abdominal cramps, pain which can be in the abdomen, back and pelvic area, constant episodes of indigestion, frequent need to urinate, constipation and diarrhoea. These symptoms are triggered when the tumour exerts pressure on the ileum and nearby regions. At stage III, the cancer prognosis depends not just on the stage, but also on the cell type.
Types Of Cells In Stage III
At stage III, there are three main ovarian cell types involved, namely, stomal cells, germs cells and epithelial cells. Any of these ovarian cells can develop into ovarian cancer.
The commonest form of ovarian cancer and the one which has the lowest survival rate, cancer of the epithelial cells would be difficult to treat and offer only 34% survival rate among all sufferers. This makes it very important for ovarian cancer to be detected early, especially when epithelial cells are involved.
Germ cell cancers are not so widespread as compared to epithelial cells. They account for only 2% of all the cancers of the ovaries. Due to this reason, the survival rate for stage III ovarian cancer caused due to germ cells have a good survival rate at 84%.
Stomal cell cancers are again very rare and account for 1% of all ovarian cancers. The 5 year relative survival rate for stomal cell ovarian cancer is again a very encouraging percentage at 88%.
Treatment And Diagnostic Methods
At stage III, the diagnostics is still very difficult as the cancer is not yet large enough for a microscope or an imaging scan to catch the images clearly. CT or MRI scans are used in this stage for detecting cancer growths at stage III. Tissues are sometimes removed from the abdomen for a biopsy.
Treatment normally involves surgical removal of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes and lymph nodes, followed by chemotherapy.
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