The most common form of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes. The patients suffering from this type of diabetes are not able to produce adequate insulin in the body as the cells of the body are not capable to produce enough insulin in the body. Diet is an important factor that affects the type 2 diabetes.You need to consult with your physician before resorting to any diet change. However, following types of diets are usually recommended for patients of Type 2 diabetes.
Diet for Type 2 Diabetes
The first characteristic of diabetes is increased sugar level in the body and intake of carbohydrate foods leads to rise in blood sugar. Carbohydrate counting is a diet in which a person takes control on the amount of the carbohydrate consumed at each and every meal. The foods that are rich source of carbohydrates are the foods that contain starch, fruit and milk. So check the label on the food to check the amount of carbohydrates before eating anything.
Glycemic Index Diet
The low Glycemic index diet is recommended to control diabetes. It is a type of ranking system in which the carbohydrate containing foods shows how it affects the sugar levels in the body. The high Glycemic index foods are not recommended for type 2 diabetes patients as they increase the blood sugar.Choose from low Glycemic index food and control your blood sugar levels. These foods include barley, carrot, apples, milk and oats. Avoid high Glycemic foods like white bread, watermelon and potatoes.
Diabetic Exchange Diet
The more structured form of diet for type 2 diabetes is diabetic exchange diet. This diet controls sugar levels as well as help in weight loss. It divides different food items on the basis of carbohydrates, fat and protein content in them. Exchange is defined as the serving of a food from different groups of food that give a similar amount of carbohydrates, protein and fat.The foods are exchanged with each other in one group. Let’s take an example to study it. You can exchange one slice of bread with 1/3 cup of pasta. A further study on how many exchanges to take from different food items can be made with the help of a dietician.
A healthy diet contains the following foods, that are recommended for Type 2 Diabetes:
An association on diabetes control suggests taking whole grains like brown bread, brown rice, whole grain pasta, barley and quinoa as they are rich in fiber. High fiber helps to manage diabetes in the body.
Fruits and vegetables
Fruits should be taken in moderate quantity as they are a rich source of carbohydrates which raises the sugar levels in the body. Vegetables that are low in calories but high in vitamins, minerals, fiber and other antioxidants should be taken. Do not go for processed fruits and vegetables as they contain added sugar and salt.
Meat & Beans
For non-vegetarians. Lean meats, fish, seafood and eggs are recommended. You should also eat legumes and nuts every week as they are a rich source of protein and fiber.
You can take benefits of yogurt, cream, milk and acquire the necessary calcium and phosphorus by taking low fat dairy products with non fat milk. Take moderate amount of unsaturated fats from liquid vegetable oils like avocado and sunflower as obesity complicates the problem of diabetes.
The sugar should be very limited and depending upon your blood sugar levels it should not be more than two spoons in a day. Substitute sugar with artificial sweeteners that are low in calories and helps to control the blood sugar.
Alcohol intake should be limited and that too when the blood sugar level is controlled.Alcohol should be taken with food and water and not alone as taking it alone will lead to negative side effects.