Menopause is a natural thing in every woman’s life. This problem occurs when the monthly periods stop occurring. This problem usually occurs in the late 40s and early 50s. But some women who undergo surgery for the removal of ovaries face sudden menopause before this age also.
The menopause starts showing some changes and effects when the ovaries stop functioning. The ovaries are the reproductive glands in a female body that stores the eggs and then releases them into the Fallopian tubes to meet the sperm and produce a new embryo. Ovaries are also responsible for the production of estrogen and progesterone. These hormones control the process of menstruation as the estrogen affects the use of calcium in the body and helps to maintain the level of cholesterol in the blood.
When a woman approaches the phase of menopause then the ovaries start depleting the storage of the eggs in it. The release of ovaries into the Fallopian tubes also decreases and the women phases her last menstrual cycle due to this. As a result the production of estrogen and progesterone decreases that give rise to some short term effects which are explained in later paragraphs.
The effects of menopause can be short term or long term. But as the immune system of every person differs so the impact of all the effects on a female also differs. Some of the female experience few symptoms while some faces all the symptoms with lot of discomfort.
The short term effects of menopause are directly related to the decrease in the estrogen and progesterone hormones and the long tern effects are caused due to the ignorance to the health at the time of short term effects and stress which contribute to increasing the severity of the effects that are long term and stays with you till the end of your life.
Some of the Short Term Effects Are
Hot flash is a sudden feeling of heat sensation which spreads from the chest to the head and it also leads to sweating , chills and cold in some women. Some woman suffers from the problem of night sweats. Night sweats are similar to hot flashes but the only difference is that night sweats occur at night when a woman is sleeping. The sweating is so excessive that it soaks the clothes and blankets of the woman.
Difficult to Fall Asleep
The fear to suffer from night sweats and hot flashes makes it difficult to fall asleep. Even if a woman sleeps on time but the sudden occurrence of the hot flashes and night sweats makes a woman awake and then again she find it difficult to sleep. This is a vicious circle.
Due to reducing the amount of estrogen in the body the vagina becomes dry and looses its elasticity. So it takes longer time to become lubricated in sexual activities. The chances of infection in the vagina also increase. This change leads to decrease in the sex drive as the sex becomes uncomfortable and less enjoying.
The mood of a female undergoes several changes like irritation, anxiety , sadness and fluctuations in mood. Excessive laughing and coughing leads to leaking of urine and the urinary tract becomes more prone to infections of gall bladder and urinary tract. So avoid laughing and coughing excessively.
The whole body suffers from some changes. The body faces headaches, palpitation, increase in facial hair and lack of concentration and memory power. The skin becomes dry and wrinkles are also visible around the eyes.
Long Term Effects of Menopause
Some of the long term effects associated with the problem of menopause are explained here. All these problems are due to the reduction in the amount of estrogen that affects the bodily systems. The long term effects include the problems of osteoporosis and coronary artery disease which is a long term health risk to a woman’s healthy lifestyle living.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the the density of the bone decreases and the the legs become more fragile and the chances of fracture increases.
All these problems arise due to lower levels of estrogen in the body. On an average a woman loses 25 % of the bone mass at the time of menopause. This leads to breakage of bones.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease means the blockage of arteries circumvent to the muscle of the heart. This problem arises when the fatty plaque synthesize in the walls of the arteries. It is also linked with the amount of cholesterol in the body. All the women become more susceptible to coronary heart disease due to loss of estrogen in menopause phase.
As adequate amount of estrogen in the body helps to maintain healthy level of cholesterol in the body. The right amount of blood flows to the muscle of the heart and the decreases the factors responsible for blood clotting which sometime start in women having normal arteries.
Some other problems that can occur as a result of menopause are poor functioning of bladder, brain functioning ,elasticity of skin and toe and muscle power. Some females also complain of vision problems like cataracts and muscular degeneration.