Breast augmentation is not such a complicated plastic surgery. However, like any other surgery there are certain side effects associated with this surgery also. Certain side effects are linked to the breast implants in general and some of the side effects are linked to the surgery.
Moreover, there are certain side effects that are linked to anesthesia. Therefore, if you are thinking about going for breast augmentation, it is best to learn about all these side effects. This will help you make an informed decision and thereby reduce the risks to certain extent.
Breast Augmentation Side Effects
Breast Implant Leakage
Since breast augmentation involves breast implant, leakage is one of the most common side effects associated with breast augmentation. It is not so common, but it does occur. If you have saline filled breast implants, you do not need to worry much. If it leaks, the saline water is easily absorbed by the body and will cause no harm.
However, leakage from a silicone gel filled implant is of some concern. In the event of leak, the silicone gel can cause scarring or hardening of your breast tissue. Though the leaked gel will not be able to travel outside your breast area, the leakage is something to think about before opting for breast augmentation.
Breast Implant Rupture
Though breast implants are meant to last for a long time, they can rupture any time after the breast augmentation surgery. There are many factors that can cause breast implant to rupture. An implant can rupture due to its old age. Physical trauma to the breast can cause the implant to rupture. If extra compression is applied during mammography, it can lead to rupture of your implant. Another likely cause of rupture is mishandling of breast implant during surgery.
Capsular contracture is one of the most common breast augmentation side effects. The tissue around the breast implant gets scarred and forms a capsule around the implant. The capsule presses the implant. As a result of this the breast implant becomes hard and out of shape. Another surgery will be required to fix capsular contracture. Remember that capsular contracture can happen any time after the surgery.
It has been noted that the periareolar incision made during breast augmentation surgery can hinder breastfeeding. Since this incision is made around the nipple, it can damage nerves which are mainly responsible for supplying milk to the ducts and thus cause breastfeeding problems.
Therefore, if you are thinking about breastfeeding in the future, make sure that you discuss this with your plastic surgeon. The doctor will suggest other breast implant techniques that are less likely to hinder breastfeeding.
Loss of Sensation
Sometimes breast augmentation surgery can cause nerve damage and thus lead to loss of sensation in the nipple or entire breast. The loss of sensation can be temporary or even permanent. Some of the breast augmentation surgeries are more likely to cause this side effect than others. An experienced plastic surgeon will recommend the right type and size of implant and the right technique for surgery.
It is well known that breast implants make it very hard to take breast images during mammography. Moreover, since breasts are compressed during mammography, it increases the chances of breast implants getting ruptured during the process.
Make sure that you inform the radiologist about your breast implants when you go for mammography. It is highly likely that the radiologist will have to take more X-rays of your breasts in order to get clear images of your breasts. Though breast implants make mammography difficult, it does not mean that you should avoid your annual mammography appointment with the doctor.
Pain immediately following the surgery is quite normal. However, if the pain persists, or if you start having breast pain sometime after the breast augmentation surgery, you should seek immediate medical help.
Capsular contracture, improper placement of the breast implant, or improper size of the breast implant can entrap a nerve in the breast or cause loss of motion in breast muscle. In both the events, it will lead to breast pain.
The surgical wound can get infected after the breast augmentation surgery. This can easily be treated and nothing to worry much about. However, you need to worry if the tissue around your breast implants gets infected. This is one of the breast augmentation risks that you need to look out for.
The breast tissue around the breast implant can develop infection immediately after the surgery. It can also happen after some months, or years after the surgery. Breast tenderness, accumulation of fluid in the breast, erythema, fever, and breast pain are some of the symptoms associated with breast infection. All these symptoms require immediate medical intervention.
Breast augmentation surgery can lead to asymmetrical breasts, too large breasts, or breasts that look out of place. Improper placement of the breast implants, wrong size, and wrong technique can cause asymmetrical breasts. Breast augmentation surgery can also cause scarring of the breast and thus lead to unsatisfactory cosmetic results.
Rotation and Protrusion
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Protrusion occurs when the wound fails to heal properly after surgery. In this event, the old breast implant will have to be discarded and a new one implanted.
Immediate Risks after Surgery
Breast augmentation surgery itself carries some risks. Swelling, formation of blood clots (hematoma), bruising, scarring, excessive bleeding, and infection are some of the side effects that you might experience after the surgery. Bruising and scars usually fade away in time. However, if you notice that the swelling has not subsided after some days, it is best to speak to your plastic surgeon. If you experience any of the above mentioned symptoms, bring it to your doctor’s notice.
Anesthesia Side Effects
Since breast augmentation surgery is done under anesthesia, there are certain complications that might develop during or after the surgery. You might develop an allergic reaction to anesthesia. One of the side effects of anesthesia includes increased heart rate and blood pressure. Vomiting is another common side effect associated with anesthesia.
As mentioned earlier learning about these side effects will help you make the right decision about breast augmentation surgery. It helps you understand the importance of choosing the right size and type of breast implant. Finally, it helps you understand that by choosing an experienced and qualified plastic surgeon you are reducing the chances of some of these breast augmentation side effects from happening in your case.
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