An ovarian cyst is a small fluid filled sac that develops inside a woman’s ovaries. Almost all women are at the risk of developing ovarian cysts at some point in their lives. They are most common in a woman’s childbearing years.
Ovarian cysts typically form when the ovarian follicles fail to release an egg and there is a build up of fluid in the ovary, which then forms a cyst. Many cysts are harmless and go away on their own while others need to be surgically removed. At times, they can also be cancerous or malignant in which case they are given the diagnosis of an ovarian tumour.
Signs And Symptoms Of Ovarian Cysts
Diagnosing Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian cysts in most cases go undiagnosed unless the woman goes through a routine pelvic examination in which case the cysts are detected via an ultrasound. Some women obviously start to experience typical symptoms of ovarian cysts, which are as follows.
Pelvic pain or cramps are common during menstruation but not good if they occur on a regular basis. Pelvic pain that occurs after minor exercise or sexual intercourse needs to be investigated as it could be a sign of ovarian cysts.
Lower Back Pain
Lower back pain is very common in women who suffer from ovarian cysts especially if the cysts grow large. Large cysts tend to press down on the nerves of the lower spine and this can lead to pain. The pain at times can be excruciating and unbearable and should be investigated by a doctor.
Pressure In The Pelvis
A feeling of pressure in the pelvis as if something is weighing you down can also be a sign of an ovarian cyst. If you are feeling bloated, have suddenly gained weight or are feeling unnatural pressure, then its best to get yourself examined.
Nausea And Vomiting
This is an unusual sign of ovarian cysts but tends to occur in women especially if the cysts affect the production of the regular sex hormones. An over or underproduction can lead to nausea and vomiting.
If you are experiencing heavy periods with clumps and clots then this needs to be immediately investigated. More often than not, an accurate diagnosis of multiple cysts is made.
Rupturing Of Cysts
If the cysts are large, multiple and twisted there is a possibility of them rupturing and releasing their fluid in the abdomen, which can lead to severe pain. This can also be fatal if not treated immediately. In twisted cysts, the pain is more intense as there is a blockage of blood flow.
Surgery is a viable option for removal of cysts especially if they are large and causing discomfort. Women who have had cysts are more likely to develop cysts even in the future so they need to be on the lookout for further development of cysts through regular screening and ultrasounds examinations.