Muscle cramps are very common especially during swimming and also during a sudden burst of high intensity cardio activity. Cramps may also occur if you are doing a particular exercise with poor form especially when you are lifting weights. Cramps can be sudden, painful and gut wrenching.
They often occur due to dehydration, fatigue or overuse of a muscle. Cramps can leave you immobile till they go away on their own. In the meantime you can try these following home remedies to deal with them.
Effective Home Remedies For Cramps
Immediately place an electric blanket, heating pad or a hot washcloth on the affected area of the muscle. This enhances the blood flow to the tissue. Once the blood flow comes back to the muscle, you will gradually find the cramp wearing off.
Take A Shower
If a larger muscle in your body is affected, you can try a hot shower to get some much needed relief. Alternately a hot soak in a tub can also help to ease the cramp.
Gently massaging the muscle which has developed the cramp will help to restore blood circulation and make you feel much better. If the dull pain still exists, try to apply a muscle ointment like moov to get relief.
Try putting half a cup of Epsom salts in your tub or bath. Epsom salts are particularly effective for muscle cramps. The magnesium in Epsom salts helps to promote muscle relaxation.
If you are suffering from severe dehydration, your muscles will in all probability cramp up. This happens due to a deficiency of crucial salts like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium.
To overcome this, have an ORS solution which is also known as oral rehydration therapy. This immediately restores the lost salts from the body and helps in easing the cramps. Athletes can benefit from this therapy.
Always make it a point to keep sipping on water during your workout. This helps to keep the muscles hydrated even as you exercise intensely. If you are sweating profusely, try a sports drink which will help to restore the lost electrolytes from the body.
Try not to sleep with your toes pointed or limbs in an awkward position as this is the fastest way to get a cramp. Also do not sleep with very tight sheets as these tend to constrict the muscles and cause them to develop cramps.
Take a supplement of vitamin E. This keeps the muscles strong and prevents nocturnal cramps.
If you have just recovered from a cramp, try walking around a bit. Walking will help to reduce the severity of the cramp. Not only this, but walking will also promote muscle recovery by enhancing blood flow to the entire muscles as well as the affected areas of the body.
If the cramps do not ease off even after trying all the above home remedies, see a doctor at once. A serious muscle pain is more likely to occur due to a ligament tear or injury which is serious and needs critical medical attention.