Ovarian dermoids are ovarian cysts that are formed in the ovaries. Ovarian cysts typically consist of fluid filled sacs or solid masses of both of these things. Though mostly benign in nature, they can be cancerous in a small percentage of the women who get ovarian cancer.
Ovarian dermoids are formed when the follicle that holds the eggs during the ovulation process does not rupture and as a result forms a cyst.
Treatment Methods For Ovarian Cysts
The normal treatment method undertaken for ovarian cysts is surgical removal of the cyst. Surgery can be a minimally invasive procedure like laparoscopy if the cyst is below 2.5 centimetres. For cysts that are bigger than that, a normal surgical procedure will be undertaken for removing the cysts. The cystectomy will be such that only the cyst will be removed or the surrounding tissues as well like part of the ovary itself. This is known as partial oophorectomy.
If the cyst is bigger and has ruptured, bled and has twisted, the entire ovary, the fallopian tubes and the cysts are removed. This procedure is known as salpingo oophorectomy. In 15% of the cases when a woman is faced with an ovarian dermoid, it turns out to be a cancerous tumour.
In such cases, a hysterectomy and a bilateral salpingo oophorectomy will be necessary. Here, the surgeon will remove the entire uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes along with the cysts that are present inside the ovaries.
Ovarian Dermoid Cysts And Its Occurrence
Though ovarian dermoid cysts can occur at any time during the ovulation, it can also occur at birth. These cysts remain undiagnosed in many cases until it is adulthood. These cysts are mostly made of skin tissue. However, dermoid cysts have been found to be made of tissues that are similar to bone, hair and teeth as well. They occur from the germ cell in the ovary which produces eggs.
Symptoms Of A Dermoid Cyst
Mostly dermoid cysts do not present any symptoms until it gets twisted or ruptured or grow to a big size. Generally, there would be pain that starts in the lower part of the abdomen or the pelvic area. The pain can be a sudden pain which is felt when you do strenuous jobs, exercise and during intercourse. Heavy menstruation and irregular bleeding or bleeding in between your menstruation too could mean the presence of a dermoid cyst.
A persistent lower back pain which occurs during your periods could be the sign of a dermoid cyst. Urinary and bowel movements would be rendered difficult when a dermatoid cyst is present in the ovaries. A constant pressure and heavy feeling too would be felt in the abdomen while urinating and passing stools.
There would also be quite a few digestive problems like vomiting and nausea and a feeling of fullness which never goes away, concentrated around the lower abdomen. If you experience sharp pain which is accompanied by vomiting and a high temperature, you might be faced with a dermoid cyst that is ruptured which is a serious condition requiring immediate attention. You could be faced with an infection if the cyst is left unattended.