Endometriosis or ovarian endometriosis occurs when the endometrium grows thicker and outside of the uterine wall. This will create tissue growth around the ovaries, bladder and the fallopian tubes which can even lead to a ruptured ovary and resultant infertility.
Many women who have ovarian endometriosis do not display any outward symptoms that are suspicious. However, some women do experience mild to moderate symptoms that warrant a hospital visit as well. Let’s take a look at the symptoms associated with ovarian endometriosis.
Difficulty In Conceiving
This is one of the most obvious signs of ovarian endometriosis. Most women are diagnosed with ovarian endometriosis when they fail to become pregnant. Sometimes this is the only way by which women come to know that they have the condition. Up to a 40% of the women who are infertile are diagnosed with ovarian endometriosis.
Any disease associated with the ovaries will immediately give you a pain in the pelvic region. The pain can be sharp, mild or severe depending on the extent of the tissue growth. The pain can also be felt in many ways. It will be particularly pronounced when you have menstruation. Severe menstrual cramps, pelvic pain at the time of intercourse, back pain that starts one or two days before your menstrual cycle and pain while passing stools are all symptoms of ovarian endometriosis.
Another sign that you may have ovarian endometriosis is when you have abnormal bleeding from the vagina. This can be triggered due to a number of factors. The bleeding will be profuse during menstruation. It can also appear in between menstrual cycles or before menstruation. Another reason that can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding when you have ovarian endometriosis is bleeding after intercourse. Blood may also be present in the stools and urine and women might experience premenstrual symptoms like spotting as well.
Abnormal Menstrual Responses
When you have ovarian endometriosis, the menstrual cycle will have an increased response to the endometriosis with increased pain and bleeding during and after menstruation and bleeding or spotting before menstruation. But there are some women who also experience these symptoms frequently which cause a lot of discomfort during daily life.
Symptoms Of Ruptured Ovaries
Ovarian endometriosis can sometimes lead to an emergency situation when the ovaries rupture due to the pressure of the tissue growth. In such cases, the result can be infertility which cannot be reversed.
Symptoms of a ruptured ovary include a throbbing pain which makes the woman incapable of standing or walking. Sometimes, it can lead to a shock when you feel very cold with sweaty skin and rapid breathing patterns. You will also feel dizziness and weak all over. Treatment includes removal of the entire ovary or part of it depending on the damage and in cases where the response is very severe, a hysterectomy might have to be preformed.
For ovarian endometriosis, there is no actual cure. Symptoms can only be treated using birth control pills or a laparoscopic surgery when the case is very severe.